Agency 114, Germ. Politischen Informationen (Nr. 114)[1] was a Cold War–era clandestine front of the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) used for domestic counter-intelligence purposes which served as a main entrance for former Nazis.

Origin[edit | edit source]

Agency 114 was established within the Gehlen Organization following the end of World War II. The United States Army, seeking intelligence on Soviet agents' activities within the American-occupied zone, brought the assignment to Reinhard Gehlen[2] who proceeded to initiate the operation.

Cold War[edit | edit source]

At the height of the Cold War in the 1960s, the agency had been merged into the BND, the successor of the Gehlen Org. It was located in Karlsruhe and the Zimmerle & Co. served as the front, specializing in roller blinds. Aside from Soviet counter-intelligence activities, the agency also began monitoring domestic leftists and pacifists.

By this time it was headed by Alfred Benzinger,[3] a former sergeant of the secret Nazi military police Geheime Feldpolizei. Among the former Nazis who worked in the agency were Konrad Fiebig[4] and Walter Kurreck.[5]

Operations to whitewash German responsibility for World War II[edit | edit source]

In 1956 Alfred Benzinger proposed a coordinated action to propagate a deceitful term ""Polish Concentration Camps". It would suggest, contrarily to the facts, that Poles, not Germans, were responsible for the mass genocide during World War II. [6]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. Der Spiegel, tom 25, 1971, Hermann Zolling, Heinz Höhne. "General Gehlen u. d. Geschichte d. Bundesnachrichtendienstes", 1971
  2. Klaus Eichner, Gotthold Schramm. Angriff und Abwehr. Die deutschen Geheimdienste nach 1945, 2007 - Reinhard Gehlen p. 42
  3. Klaus Eichner, Gotthold Schramm. Angriff und Abwehr. Die deutschen Geheimdienste nach 1945, 2007 - Alfred Benzinger, p. 89
  4. Klaus Eichner, Gotthold Schramm. "Angriff und Abwehr. Die deutschen Geheimdienste nach 1945", 2007 - Konrad Fiebig Einsatzkommando 9 der Einsatzgruppe in Witebsk p. 83
  5. Klaus Eichner, Gotthold Schramm. Angriff und Abwehr. Die deutschen Geheimdienste nach 1945, 2007 - Walter Kurreck geboren am 25. Juni 1911, ...Sturmbannfuhrer ab 1941 ... p. 127
  6. http://wprostp.pl/artykul/polskie-obozy-koncentracyjne%E2%80%9D-wymyslily-niemieckie-tajne-sluzby

References[edit | edit source]

pl:Agencja 114

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