- Main article: Al-Qaeda
Although there has been no evidence of Al-Qaeda Attacks in Europe, Al-Qaeda have claimed responsibility for bombings in London and Madrid. In the early 1990s, some members of al-Qaeda had participated with the Bosnian mujahideen, including 9/11 hijackers Khalid al-Mihdhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi. And in August 2009 militants linked with Al-Qaeda claimed that they were planning a "spectacular attack" in Britain.
United Kingdom[edit | edit source]
- Main article: 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot
In 2003 Tony Blair sent armoured vehicles and hundreds of troops to London Heathrow Airport because the UK security services claimed there was a planned Al-Qaeda attack. MI5 said they received detailed intelligence in February 2003 about a plot to hijack planes flying from Eastern Europe and to fly them into Heathrow, to punish the United Kingdom for supporting the Iraq War.
In September 2009 Tanvir Hussain, Assad Sarwar and Ahmed Abdullah Ali were convicted of conspiring to activate bombs disguised as drinks on 7 aircraft leaving from London and going to North America. British and US security officials said the plan – unlike many recent homegrown European terrorist plots – was directly linked to al-Qaeda and guided by senior Islamist militants in Pakistan.
North Caucasus[edit | edit source]
In August 2009 it was reported that during a raid the Russian police had killed an Algerian-born militant in Dagestan who according to the Federal Security Service, was "the Al-Qaeda co-ordinator in Dagestan". The militant was an Algerian national known as "Doctor Mohammed" and was thought to be a member of the 'Jamaat Shariat of Dagestan'
Italy[edit | edit source]
In May 2009 two French nationals were detained by Italian police due to suspected immigration offences however they are now suspected of being key Al-Qaeda figures. It is thought that they had planned to attack Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris, France. Italian police stated that they are "two leading men for the communication of al-Qaeda in Europe".
Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit | edit source]
- Main article: Bosnian mujahideen
During the wars in the Balkans in 1990s Al-Qaeda directly funded and trained Bosnian Muslims to fight against the Serbian and Croatian forces. There were also numerous Al-Qaeda training camps in the Balkans, the major camps were located in Zenica, Mališevo and Mitrovica.Template:Copyvio link
Germany[edit | edit source]
In September 2009 security measures were heightened in response to a direct threat against Germany, through an Al-Qaeda video, the threat came about due to German participation in the Afghanistan war Osama Bin Laden stated:
"It is shameful to be part of an alliance whose leader does not care about spilling the blood of human beings by bombing villages intentionally." "If you had seen [the mass killings] of your American allies and their helpers in northern Afghanistan ... then you would understand the bloody events in Madrid and London,"
France[edit | edit source]
In October 2009 a physicist of Algerian descent working for CERN was arrested due to his links with Al-Qaeda. Officials said he had been in contact with people linked to al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and planned attacks. He later admitted to corresponding with Al-Qaeda members located in North Africa over the Internet.
See also[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- Foiled Plot Offers Clues to Recent Absence of Major Terror Attacks on West, Wednesday, 9 Sept. 2009
- Al-Qaida's jihad in Europe: the Afghan-Bosnian network By Evan Kohlmann
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad, by Steven Emerson (Foreword), Lorenzo Vidino (Author). ISBN 978-1-59102-433-0.
- Al-Qaida's Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network, by Evan F. Kohlmann. ISBN 978-1-85973-807-8.
References[edit | edit source]
- Wikinews – Al-Qaida claims responsibility for London 7/7 bombings
- Mark Tran and Donald MacLeod. "Al-Qaida in Europe claims responsibility for blasts". The Guardian. UK. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/jul/07/terrorism.july7. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Full text: 'Al-Qaeda' Madrid claim". BBC News. 14 March 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3509556.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- McDermott, Terry (2005). Perfect Soldiers: The Hijackers: Who They Were, Why They Did It. HarperCollins. p. 191. ISBN 0-06-058469-6.
- Al-Qaeda plotting 'spectacular attacks' in UK – August 2009
- "Jihad Magazine Warns of Terror Attacks in Europe". Europenews.dk. http://europenews.dk/en/node/25440. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Post. "The Times – Al-Qaeda's Heathrow jet plot revealed". The Times. UK. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article576410.ece. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Three Britons found guilty of transatlantic jet bombing plot". Thenews.com.pk. http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=24395. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "UK | Three guilty of airline bomb plot". BBC News. 7 September 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8242238.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Al Qaeda podría intentar otro atentado con aviones comerciales en Occidente" (in Template:Es icon). Lavanguardia.es. 9 September 2009. http://www.lavanguardia.es/internacional/noticias/20090908/53779677828/al-qaeda-podria-intentar-otro-atentado-con-aviones-comerciales-en-occidente.html. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Press, Associated (7 September 2009). "UK court convicts 3 of plot to blow up airliners International | Jerusalem Post". Fr.jpost.com. http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1251804512098&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Sandford, Daniel (7 September 2009). "UK | Airline plot: Al-Qaeda connection". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8221375.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Do G1, com agências internacionais. "Três britânicos são condenados por ter planejado explodir aviões em 2006" (in Template:Pt icon). G1.globo.com. http://g1.globo.com/Noticias/Mundo/0,,MUL1295087-5602,00-TRES+BRITANICOS+SAO+CONDENADOS+POR+PLANEJAR+EXPLODIR+AVIOES+EM.html. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Plano para atacar aviões teria elo com Al-Qaeda paquistanesa" (in Template:Pt icon). Noticias.terra.com.br. http://noticias.terra.com.br/mundo/interna/0,,OI3963068-EI8143,00.html#scroll. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Beramers vliegtuigaanslagen veroordeeld" (in Template:Nl icon). Knack.be. 29 December 2011. http://www.knack.be/nieuws/europa/beramers-vliegtuigaanslagen-veroordeeld/site72-section25-article39053.html. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Russia 'kills al-Qaeda operative'". BBC News. 31 August 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8230295.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Al-Qaeda seeks foothold in North Caucasus". Janes.com. http://www.janes.com/news/security/jiwk/jiwk090909_1_n.shtml. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Italy arrests 'al-Qaeda plotters'". BBC News. 12 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8045124.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Al Qaeda's Balkan Links". Balkanpeace.org. 1 November 2001. http://www.balkanpeace.org/index.php?index=article&articleid=12224. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- PBS Newshour with Jim Lehrer, A New Constitution for Bosnia, 22 November 2005 (Richard Holbrooke comments on Al-Qaeda involvement)
- Post. "Germany on edge after fourth consecutive al-Qaeda bomb attack warning". The Times. UK. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/europe/article6841890.ece. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Gardner, Frank (22 September 2009). "Europe | Al-Qaeda video threat to Germany". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8269995.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "South Asia | 'Bin Laden' urges Afghan pull-out". BBC News. 25 September 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8275746.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Scientist on French terror charge". BBC News. 12 October 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8303658.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Press, Associated. "JPost – French physicist admits to emailing al-Qaida". Fr.jpost.com. http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1255204771807&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad". Amazon. http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1591024331. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Hafez, Mohammed. "Al-Qaida's Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network". Amazon. http://www.amazon.com/dp/1859738079. Retrieved 4 January 2012.