Anthony M. Scotto (pronounced SKOH-toh") (born May 10, 1934) is a New York mobster and labor union racketeer in the Gambino crime family who rule the Brooklyn waterfront. Scotto achieved a high level of influence with several New York mayors and a governor before he went to prison.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
Scotto grew up in the Red Hook Carroll Gardens section of Brooklyn and studied pre-law and political science at Brooklyn College for two years.  In 1957, Scotto married Marion Anastasio, whose father was capo Anthony Anastasio of what was the Anastasia crime family. Marion's uncle was boss Albert Anastasia . As an officer of the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA) Local 1814 in Red Hook, Anastasio used his position to control the Brooklyn waterfront. Scotto eventually joined Anastasio at the union local and became an ILA officer.
In 1957, Anastasia was murdered and underboss Carlo Gambino took over what became the Gambino crime family. Enjoying an excellent relationship with Gambino, Scotto was soon inducted into the family.
In 1963, Anastasio died and Scotto succeeded him as head of ILA Local 1814. Called a "new breed labor leader" by the press, Scotto quickly rose into high level business and political circles. Scotto promised a new era of labor harmony on the waterfront:
"Who knows what you can achieve when there are reasonable men on both sides of the table?"
Scotto eventually became the ILA general organizer, one of the three highest positions in the 100,000 member labor union.
In 1969, government witness Joseph Valachi identified Scotto in U.S. Senate hearings as a member of the Gambino family. Scotto dismissed Valachi's claims, saying it was part of a U.S. Justice Department vendetta against him.
Political connections[edit | edit source]
Scotto became one of the most powerful mafiosos in New York due to his powerful political connections. Scotto even became friends with the mob's most feared enemy, U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy. In 1972, Scotto used his influence to get his lawyer, Bertram Perkel, appointed as a special counselor to Police Commissioner Patrick V. Murphy. Also in 1972, Scotto was named as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention, but stepped down in protest over the actions of the Convention Credentials Committee. Scotto at one point claimed to have raised millions of dollars for Democratic candidate Hugh Carey's 1974 gubernatorial campaign in New York. Scotto had numerous dealings with Carey over political appointments and labor issues. In 1976, both Scotto and his wife Marion were selected as delegates to the Democratic National Convention.
When Democrat Mario Cuomo ran for mayor of New York in 1977, Scotto donated $50,000 to his campaign. President Jimmy Carter had named Scotto as a possible candidate for the position of U.S. Secretary of Labor. At the same time, Gambino planned to make Scotto president of the entire ILA in the United States; however, this ambition was derailed by criminal charges.
Racketeering conviction[edit | edit source]
On January 17, 1979, Scotto was indicted on 33 federal bribery and racketeering charges. Scotto was accused of accepting $300,000 over five years from two dockside businessmen who employed his union workers. Scotto also accepted a free swimming pool built by one businessman at Scotto's vacation home. Scotto was also accused of evading federal income tax. On November 16, 1979, Scotto was convicted on all charges. Before sentencing, US District Judge Charles E. Stewart, Jr. remarked that he was "extremely impressed" by letters from former New York City mayors Robert Wagner and John Lindsay, businessmen, and labor leaders all requesting leniency for Scotto. On January 22, 1980, Stewart bypassed the maximum sentence of 20 years imprisonment and instead gave Scotto five years in prison with a $75,000 fine.
In 1984, after serving 39 months, Scotto was released from prison. Since then, Scotto has not been indicted for any other crimes. Scotto has been identified as a made man, or full member, of the Gambino family by government witness Salvatore Gravano. Gambino's successor, family boss Paul Castellano, was intercepted by a federal wiretap explaining to Thomas Gambino and Thomas Bilotti about Scotto that,
- "We respected him...It was our union...We were making him advance in our union...Go up, up, up ... the ladder. And ... what's gonna happen, we're gonna have a president."
Later years[edit | edit source]
During his 20-year reign on the New York waterfront (and quite possibly the most powerful labor racketeer in the entire country), Scotto was also able to penetrate DC 37, America's biggest, richest, and most indicted municipal union. Former union leader Victor Gotbaum reached out to Scotto to help him in his battle against the Teamsters Union for jurisdiction over New York City's hospital workers. Scotto made his attorney, Bertram Perkel, DC 37's outside counsel (Scotto also appointed Perkel to the New York Port Commission). Eventually, DC 37 would come under the control of the Colombo crime family.
Family[edit | edit source]
Scotto is the father of broadcast journalist Rosanna Scotto, Elaina Scotto, Anthony Scotto Jr. and John Scotto. With their mother, Marion, the family owns and operates the restaurant Fresco by Scotto in Manhattan. They have made a number of appearances on the Today show.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- McFadden, Robert D. (1979-11-16). "Guilty Verdict Blurs Dual Image of Scotto; Tall and Elegantly Tailored". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70617FC385A12728DDDAF0994D9415B898BF1D3. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Shawcross, Tim (1995). The war against the Mafia. New York: HarperPaperbacks, a div. of HarperCollins Pub.. pp. 155. ISBN 0-06-100854-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=LIGzZW8EADcC&q=%22anthony+scotto%22+valachi.
- Sifakis, Carl (2005). The Mafia encyclopedia (3. edition. ed.). New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-5694-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=jgCpxTpPCPcC&pg=PA362&dq=#v=onepage&q=Scotto&f=false.
- Horne, George (May 10, 1964). "Scotto Promises New Look in Bargaining on Docks". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20D16FF345E147A93C2A8178ED85F408685F9&scp=5&sq=%22Anthony%20Scotto%22&st=cse. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- "N.Y. Docks Chief Found Guilty". Lodi News Sentinel. November 16, 1979. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=K3szAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tjIHAAAAIBAJ&pg=6147,1710941&dq=general-organizer+anthony-scotto&hl=en. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- Lubasch, Arnold H. (January 18, 1979). "Scotto, Head of Longshore Local, Indicted on Racketeering Charges". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10B12FC3D5D12728DDDA10994D9405B898BF1D3&scp=1&sq=%22Anthony%20Scotto%22%20indictment&st=cse. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- "LABOR LAWYER GETS POST WITH MURPHY". New York Times. October 10, 1972. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0917FC385E127A93C2A8178BD95F468785F9&scp=9&sq=Scotto%20Perkel&st=cse. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Farrell, William E. (June 30, 1972). "Scotto Withdraws, Widening Democratic Breach". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20F17FB345A137B93C2AA178DD85F468785F9&scp=1&sq=Scotto%20convention&st=cse. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Maitland, Leslie (December 17, 1979). "Scotto's Dealings With Politicians Are Subject of New Investigations". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FB0A10F73F5C12728DDDAE0994DA415B898BF1D3. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- Winfrey, Carey (November 16, 1979). "A Courtroom Drama: Tension, Anguish and Disbelief". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F00617FC385A12728DDDAF0994D9415B898BF1D3. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- Lubasch, Arnold H. (January 23, 1980). "Scotto Gets 5-Year Term and Fine for Racketeering". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20F14F93E5C12728DDDAA0A94D9405B8084F1D3&scp=2&sq=%22Anthony%20Scotto%22%20sentence&st=cse. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- Davis, John H. (1994). Mafia dynasty : the rise and fall of the Gambino crime family (1st Harper paperbacks. ed.). New York, N.Y.: HarperPaperbacks. pp. 187. ISBN 0-06-109184-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=Tw-Pd-CmoW0C&pg=PA187#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- Capeci, Jerry (2004). The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia (2nd ed. ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Alpha Books. pp. 187. ISBN 1-59257-305-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=o64XJkmUPr0C&dq=editions:W9UlXT9_srgC&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
- "Meet the Scottos". FRESCO by Scotto. Archived from the original on 2010-12-10. http://www.webcitation.org/5usXsAgZc. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
References[edit | edit source]
- Kelly, Robert J. Encyclopedia of Organized Crime in the United States. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000. ISBN 0-313-30653-2
- Sifakis, Carl. The Encyclopedia of American Crime. New York: Facts on File Inc., 2001. ISBN 0-8160-4040-0
[edit | edit source]
- United States of America vs. Anthony M. Scotto and Anthony Anastasio
- Time Magazine: Scotto: Out of the Dock