Strollo (wearing hat) surrounded by newsmen as he enters his car.
June 18, 1899|
New York City, New York, U.S.
April 8, 1962 (aged 62)|
New York, U.S.
Anthony C. Strollo (June 18, 1899 – April 8, 1962), aka "Tony Bender", was a New York mobster who served as a high ranking capo of the Genovese crime family for several decades.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early years[edit | edit source]
Strollo had two brothers, Emilio and Dominick. He married a woman named Edna Goldenberg who bore him several children. Stollo was a cousin of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania mobster Lenine Strollo and Dante Strollo, a member of the Youngstown, Ohio Cosa Nostra family.
Strollo was of medium height and weight with sandy brown hair. Associates described him as usually having a doleful look. Strollo's legitimate job was that of a real estate salesman.
During Prohibition, Strollo gained a formidable reputation as a bootlegger and hitman. In the early-to-mid 1920s, Strollo worked for gang boss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria. However, after the Castellammarese War began in 1931, Strollo defected to Masseria's rival, Salvatore Maranzano, and become a trusted lieutenant and gunman.
Luciano regime[edit | edit source]
Following the death of Maranzano, Strollo joined the Luciano crime family, headed by boss Charles "Lucky" Luciano. Strollo became a capo (lieutenant) for Luciano and underboss Vito Genovese. Strollo assumed control of the Greenwich Village Crew, operating illegal gambling in New York's Greenwich Village and Lower Manhattan districts.
Costello regime[edit | edit source]
In 1937, facing a probable murder indictment, Genovese fled to Italy. Genovese wanted Strollo to keep control of the family for him, but Genovese's rival Frank Costello took over as acting boss and designated Willie Moretti as underboss.
In 1946, after being extradited from Italy to the United States and escaping indictment, Genovese returned to the family as a capo with Strollo as his assistant. Strollo supervised Genovese's rackets in Greenwich Village and the New Jersey waterfront for the next ten years. Strollo successfully operated a string of Greenwich Village nightclubs, including the popular Black Cat, the Hollywood, the 19th Hole (some say Christopher "Christy Tick" Furnari of the Lucchese crime family ran the 19th Hole), and the Village Inn.
On December 17, 1952, Strollo was summoned to testify at the New York State Crime Commission hearings. He was an uncooperative witness, claiming either a bad memory or refusing to testify based on his Fifth Amendment right under the U.S. Constitution against self-incrimination.
Genovese regime[edit | edit source]
In 1957, Strollo assisted Genovese in planning an assassination attempt on Frank Costello. On the day of the murder attempt, Strollo met with Costello in the late afternoon and learned his itinerary for the evening. Strollo then passed that information on to Genovese's hitman. Although Costello was only slightly wounded in the attack, he immediately retired from the family and passed the leadership to Genovese.  Genovese now ran what we call today the Genovese crime family.
In 1959, Strollo changed loyalties again and joined in a conspiracy against Genovese. After a secret meeting with Gambino crime family boss Carlo Gambino, Strollo allegedly participated in a plot to set up Genovese on a drug trafficking conviction. In 1959, Genovese was sent to prison for 15 years on narcotics trafficking charges.
The imprisoned Genovese now allegedly decided to kill Stollo. One theory is that Genovese learned that Strollo had betrayed him. However, a second theory states that Strollo had cheated Genovese of tribute from a drug operation.
Death[edit | edit source]
When government witness Joseph Valachi later visited Genovese in prison, Genovese hinted at responsibility for Strollo's murder. There were rumors in late 1960s that Strollo was still alive, and had faked his death to avoid arrest. However, there is no substantiation to this story.
References[edit | edit source]
- Jones, Thomas L. "The Dying of the Light: The Joseph Valachi Story". TruTV Crime Library. http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/gangsters_outlaws/mob_bosses/valachi/tony_7.html. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Sifakis, Carl (2005). The mafia encyclopedia (3rd ed. ed.). New York, NY: Facts On File. pp. 37. ISBN 0-8160-6989-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=jgCpxTpPCPcC&pg=PA37&dq=%22Anthony+Strollo%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=A1FWT4-pL6fe0QHKtK3HCg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwADgU#v=onepage&q=%22Anthony%20Strollo%22&f=false.
- "Lucania Sentenced to 30 to 50 years". New York Times. June 19, 1936. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F3071FFF3F58107A93CBA8178DD85F428385F9. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Excerpts From the Testimony Presented Yesterday at the Crime Commission's Hearing". New York Times. December 18, 1952. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FA0D1EF63A5E177B93CAA81789D95F468585F9. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Raab, Selwyn (2005). Five families : the rise, decline, and resurgence of America's most powerful Mafia empires (1st ed. ed.). New York: Thomas Dunne Books. pp. 108. ISBN 0-312-30094-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=wAyRzj6j3zEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:0312300948&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rHtWT8uuKsrd0QGPhqiVCg&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=strollo&f=false.
- Sifkakis. The Mafia Encyclopedia. pp. 38.
- Capeci, Jerry (2002). The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia. Indianapolis, IN: Alpha. pp. 152. ISBN 0-02-864225-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=W9UlXT9_srgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:0028642252&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NnhWT5q9Ocqv0AHd5e2PCg&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=strollo&f=false.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Bernstein, Lee. The Greatest Menace: Organized Crime in Cold War America. Boston: UMass Press, 2002. ISBN 1-55849-345-X
- Joey, David Fisher. Joey the Hit Man: The Autobiography of a Mafia Killer. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2004. ISBN 1-56025-393-2
- Kwitny, Jonathan. Vicious Circles: The Mafia in the Marketplace. New York: W.W. Norton, 1979. ISBN 0-393-01188-7
- Valentine, Douglas. The Strength of the Wolf: The Secret History of America's War on Drugs. New York: R.R. Donnelly & Sons, 2004. ISBN 1-85984-568-1
- Winter-Berger, Robert N. The Washington Pay-Off: An Insider's View of Corruption in Government. New York: Dell Publishing, 1972.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Fox, Stephen. Blood and Power: Organized Crime in Twentieth-Century America. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1989. ISBN 0-688-04350-X
- Kelly, Robert J. Encyclopedia of Organized Crime in the United States. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000. ISBN 0-313-30653-2
- Sifakis, Carl. The Encyclopedia of American Crime. New York: Facts on File Inc., 2001. ISBN 0-8160-4040-0
- Mafia: The Government's Secret File on Organized Crime