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|Charles P. Cabell|
File:Charles p cabell.jpg|
General Charles P. Cabell
October 11, 1903 |
May 25, 1971 (aged 67) |
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1925-1962|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Legion of Merit|
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Medal (2)
|Relations||Earle Cabell (brother)|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Early life[edit | edit source]
He was the son of Ben E. (son of Confederate general William L. Cabell) and Sadie E. (Pearre) Cabell and attended Oak Cliff High School in Dallas, Texas. He graduated from the West Point in 1925. He was initially commissioned as an artillery lieutenant and served in the field artillery until 1931, when he went to flying school, and was transferred to the Air Corps. He served in a variety of aviation roles as a staff officer and squadron commander throughout the pre-war years, primarily in observation and pursuit squadrons. His observation roles led naturally to his later involvement in photographic and intelligence roles.
Cabell achieved the rank of colonel in 1942 and brigadier general in 1944, serving both at Air Force headquarters at The Pentagon and in the European Theater. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, he held a variety of staff headquarters positions, including chief of Air Force intelligence 1948-1951, and director of the staff for the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1951-1953.
In 1949, Cabell set up Project Grudge to "make a study reviewing the UFO situation for AF HQ." However, Grudge quickly became all but moribund, while simultaneously reporting that all UFO cases were being closely investigated. When Cabell learned of this, he ordered Grudge dissolved and ordered that the "open minded" Project Blue Book be created.
CIA career[edit | edit source]
On April 23, 1953, while still an active Air Force officer, he was appointed deputy director of the CIA. In 1956, along with the CIA's Richard Bissell, he flew to Bonn, to brief the West German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, on the U-2 program. Adenauer allowed U-2 planes, pilots, and support teams to be based at Wiesbaden. He was promoted to full general in 1958.
Cabell became Deputy Director of CIA under Allen Dulles. He was forced by President Kennedy to resign, on January 31, 1962, following the failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Cabell's brother, Earle Cabell, was Mayor of Dallas when Kennedy visited that city and was assassinated, on November 22, 1963.
Legacy and death[edit | edit source]
The Washington Post revealed in 1973 that New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison was preparing as late as March 1971 to accuse Charles Cabell of conspiracy in the Kennedy assassination, although he had no evidence.
General Cabell died in 1971, his brother Earle in 1975.
He was married to Jacklyn DeHymel in 1934; they had two sons, Charles P. Cabell, Jr. and Benjamin Cabell IV, and one daughter, Catharine C. Bennett. He left an autobiography "A Man of Intelligence: Memoirs of War, Peace and the CIA" published in 1997. His oldest son Charles was also an Air Force officer and West Point graduate (Class of 1958), achieving the rank of brigadier general.
Career Chronology[edit | edit source]
- Graduated from West Point in 1925 and commissioned second lieutenant of Artillery
- Served with 12th Field Artillery through 1931
- Assigned to flight school in 1931 and subsequently as flight instructor; transferred to U.S. Army Air Corps.
- Transferred to Panama Canal Zone in late 1931 as adjutant of the 7th Observation Squadron; subsequently commanded 44th Observation, 24th Pursuit, and 74th Pursuit Squadrons in this area. Promoted Captain sometime during this period.
- Transferred to Randolph Field, Texas, as flight instructor in 1934 and subsequently served as post adjutant beginning in 1937.
- Detailed to Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field, Alabama in 1938, graduating in 1939, then detailed to Command and General Staff College at Leavenworth, Kansas in 1939, graduating in 1940. Promoted Major sometime during this period.
- Assigned to Photographic unit at Wright Field, Ohio during 1940, and as an observer with the Royal Air Force; in April 1941, he was assigned to the Office of the Chief of the Air Corps as Chief of the Photographic Unit. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel sometime during this period.
- In February 1942, he was assigned as assistant executive for technical planning and coordination in the Office of the Chief of the Air Corps. Promoted Colonel.
- During the summer of 1943, he attended the first course of the Army and Navy Staff College.
- In late 1943, he was transferred to the Eighth Air Force and assumed command of the 45th Combat Bombardment Wing.
- In April 1944, he became director of plans for the U.S. Strategic Air Force in Europe, and later that year, as a Brigadier General, became director of operations and intelligence for the Mediterranean Air Forces.
- In May 1945, he was assigned to Air Force headquarters as chief of the Strategy and Policy Division.
- In December 1945, he was detailed to the United Nations Military Staff Committee where he held roles as deputy and chief U.S. Air Force delegate to the committee.
- In August 1947, he was promoted Major General and returned to Air Force headquarters serving in planning and intelligence roles and became director of Air Force Intelligence in May 1948.
- In November 1951, he was named director of the Joint Staff for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During this time, he was promoted Lieutenant General.
- He became Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency in April 1953, and served in this position through January 1962. He was promoted General in 1958.
Decorations and Medals[edit | edit source]
- 60px Air Force Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
- 60px Legion of Merit
- 60px Distinguished Flying Cross
- 60px Bronze Star
- 60px Air Medal with oak leaf cluster
- 60px American Defense Service Medal
- 60px American Campaign Medal
- 60px European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
- 60px World War II Victory Medal
- 60px National Defense Service Medal
Foreign Awards[edit | edit source]
- 60px Order of the British Empire (Honorary Commander)
- 60px National Order of the Legion of Honor, Degree of Chevalier (France)
- 60px Croix de guerre with Palm (France)
- 60px Commander, Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)
References[edit | edit source]
- Albert A. Harrison, Starstruck: Cosmic visions in science, religion, and folklore, p. 40, New York: Berghahn Books, 2007
- "Will Retire", The Washington Post, January 23, 1962, p. A2. "McCone Is Confirmed for C.I.A.; Fulbright Dissents in 71-12 Vote", New York Times, February 1, 1962, p. 9.
- "Gen. Charles Cabell Dies, Former CIA Deputy Director", The Washington Post, May 27, 1971, p. B7.
- "Garrison Planned To Link General To JFK Slaying", The Washington Post, September 16, 1973, p. E10. The article mistakenly asserts that General Cabell died in 1970.
- Brown, Alexander (1895), The Cabells and Their Kin: A Memorial Volume of History, Biography, and Genealogy, Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, pp. 229–230, 457–458, 472–474, http://books.google.com/?id=BAo7AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA458&dq=jackson+trenton+samoa#PPA458,M1
[edit | edit source]
- Cabell, Charles Pearre from the Handbook of Texas Online
- CIA profile
- Air Force biography
- Arlington National Cemetery profile
- The Generals of WWII profile
- University of Virginia Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library profile