The Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) is an Australian government defence intelligence agency responsible for assessing intelligence obtained from or provided by other Australian and foreign intelligence agencies, supporting Defence and Government decision-making and the planning and conduct of Australian Defence Force operations. The DIO is located in Russell Offices, Canberra.

The DIO, along with the Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation (DIGO) and the Defence Signals Directorate (DSD), are the three organisations that comprise the Defence Intelligence Group, which in turn falls under the jurisdiction of the Deputy Secretary for Intelligence and Security.

Organisation[edit | edit source]

The DIO was established in 1990 as the strategic-level, all-source intelligence assessment agency for the Department of Defence. It is not an autonomous body; unlike the Office of National Assessments, the DIO is a subordinate organisation within the Department of Defence with no separate statutory mandate or direct budget line. The organisation's character and purpose is defined by its position within the defence portfolio.

The DIO is an integrated civilian–military organisation, with the majority of staff being public servants recruited through either the defence Graduate Program or direct entry.

Operations[edit | edit source]

The DIO's assessments focus on the Asia-Pacific region and cover strategic, political, defence, military, economic, scientific and technical areas. The DIO's intelligence products help inform decisions about Australia's military activities at home and abroad, Defence acquisition processes, force readiness decisions, strategic policy, international relations and defence scientific developments.

The DIO also maintains close links with the intelligence agencies of other allied countries. In addition, the DIO maintains links with the intelligence agencies of a range of other countries to foster dialogue and the exchange of information and as a contribution to defence relationships with regional countries.

Australian troops deploying to Afghanistan and Iraq were briefed by the DIO on enemy weapons and forces.

History[edit | edit source]

Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB) 1947-1969[edit | edit source]

In the post-World War II period, the Defence and national intelligence functions were shared between the Navy, Army and Air Force intelligence directorates and the Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB). The Bureau was responsible for geographic, infrastructure and economic intelligence – mainly in Australia’s region. In 1957, the JIB's responsibilities were expanded to include scientific and technical intelligence.

Joint Intelligence Bureau Directors
Mr A.P. Fleming CBE 1947–1949
Commander A.S. Storey DSC RAN 1949–1952
Major General Sir W. Cawthorn CBE CIE CB 1952–1954
Mr W. Harold King MBE 1954–1968
Mr A.W. McMichael OBE 1968–1969

Joint Intelligence Organisation (JIO) 1969-1990[edit | edit source]

In 1970, the Joint Intelligence Organisation (JIO) was formed from a merger of JIB with most of the foreign assessment elements of the three armed services. Following the first Hope Royal Commission and establishment of the Office of National Assessments in 1977, JIO was reoriented to focus more closely on Defence interests. The second Hope Commission endorsed these arrangements in 1984. In 1989 Counter-Terrorism was added to JIO’s responsibilities.

Joint Intelligence Organisation Directors
Mr R.W. Furlonger CB 1969–1972
Mr G.A. Jockel CBE 1972–1978
Mr A.W. McMichael OBE 1978–1982
Mr J.O. Furner CBE 1982-1984
Mr G.R. Marshall 1984-1987
Dr P. Dibb 1987-1988
Major General J.S. Baker AO 1989-1990

Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) 1990-[edit | edit source]

Following a review of Defence intelligence in 1989 by the then Major General John Baker, the Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) was established in 1990 as Defence’s sole strategic level, all-source intelligence assessment agency.

Defence Intelligence Organisation Directors
Major General J.S. Baker AO 1990–1992
Major General J.C. Hartley AO 1992–1995
Major General J.M. Connolly AO 1995 - 1996
Major General W.J. Crews AO 1997 - 1999
Mr F. Lewincamp PSM 1999 - 2005
Major General M.R. McNarn AO 2005 - 2009
Major General R.G. Wilson AO 2009 - ?
Major General P.B. Symon AO ? - Present

References[edit | edit source]

Template:Military intelligence agencies Template:Australian intelligence agencies

fr:Defence Intelligence Organisation (Australie)

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