Deuce Martinez is an American intelligence professional. He was involved at the start of the C.I.A interrogation of "high-value detainees," including Abu Zubaydah, Ramzi bin al-Shibh, Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.
CIA career[edit | edit source]
Martinez worked as an analyst in the C.I.A. Counternarcotics Center. He tracked suspected drug traffickers through electronic communications and documents. After al Qaeda's attacks on September 11, 2001, he was transferred to the Counterterrorism Center, where he used those same techniques to find members of al Qaeda. In early 2002, he went to Pakistan to be part of the team that located and captured Abu Zubaydah.
At a black site in Thailand, Abu Zubaydah was initially interrogated by the F.B.I. Eventually, C.I.A employees and contractors took over the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah and the F.B.I. agents left. At that point, enhanced interrogation techniques such as waterboarding were used on Abu Zubaydah. Martinez never employed these methods himself, rather he attempted trust-building interrogations after the coercive methods stopped.
He interrogated Ramzi bin al-Shibh who cooperated without resorting to coercive interrogation methods. . He also interrogated Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed after "enhanced interrogation techniques" had been used on them.
Martinez eventually left the C.I.A. and went to work for Mitchell & Jessen Associates, a consulting company run by former military psychologists Jim Mitchell and Bruce Jessen. Mitchell and Jessen created the "enhanced interrogation techniques" program and were present at the black site in Thailand with Martinez when they were used for the first time on Abu Zubaydah.
Identity[edit | edit source]
In an editors' note, the New York Times stated that they were asked, by the CIA and a lawyer representing Martinez, to obfuscate his identity in the Scott Shane article of June 22, 2008. The Times considered this, but ultimately declined. The editors stated that Martinez had never operated undercover, and the story's credibility required using his real name.
Despite the fact that the New York Times had over twenty sources for its article, and that Martinez publicly worked for Mitchell and Jessen (since circa 2005), known creators of the CIA’s torture program, on January 23, 2012, the Department of Justice charged John Kiriakou, who blew the whistle on waterboarding for providing information about Martinez to the Times. Kiriakou is the only person to be criminally charged in connection with the article or with the CIA’s torture program.
References[edit | edit source]
- Shane, Scott (June 22, 2008). "Inside a 9/11 Mastermind’s Interrogation". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/22/washington/22ksm.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved January 24, 2012. mirror
- Shane, Scott (August 11, 2009). "Interrogation Inc. - 2 U.S. Architects of Harsh Tactics in 9/11's Wake". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/12/us/12psychs.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- "Editors' Note". New York Times. June 22, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/22/washington/web22ksmnote.html?ref=washington. Retrieved January 24, 2012. mirror
- "Leon Panetta and the Pakistani Doctor: Yet More Double Standards on Classified Information". Emptywheel. http://www.emptywheel.net/2012/01/28/leon-panetta-and-the-pakistani-doctor-yet-more-double-standards-on-classified-information/. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- Eban, Katherine (July 17, 2007). "Rorschach and Awe". Vanity Fair. http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/07/torture200707. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- "CIA – Abu Zubaydah". ABC News. July 12, 2010. http://abcnews.go.com/images/Blotter/brianross_kiriakou_transcript1_blotter071210.pdf. Retrieved 5 April 2012.