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The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is the head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and responsible for the day-to-day operations. Along with the Deputy Director, the director ensures cases and operations are handled correctly. The director also is in charge of staffing the leadership in any one of the FBI field offices with qualified agents. The director would brief the President on any issues that arise from within the FBI until the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 was enacted in response to the September 11 attacks. Since then, the director reports to the Director of National Intelligence, who in turn reports to the President.[1]

Directors are appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. In theory, they serve ten-year terms unless they resign, die, or are let go before their term is up; in reality, none have served a full ten years, except J. Edgar Hoover and Robert Mueller, each of whom served longer than ten years. J. Edgar Hoover, appointed by Calvin Coolidge, was by far the longest-serving director; he held the position from 1935 until his death in 1972 because there was no law limiting service time. The current FBI director is Robert Mueller, who was appointed in 2001 by George W. Bush and, at the request of Barack Obama, was authorized by the Senate on July 27, 2011, to serve for a total of 12 years (two years beyond the regular limit).[2] All others have left before reaching the limit, due to resignation, retirement, promotion, or other reasons.

When the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) was established in 1908, its head was called the Chief of the Bureau of Investigation[3]. It was changed to the Director of the Bureau of Investigation since the term of William J. Flynn (1919-1921), and to its current name when the BOI was renamed FBI in 1935.

Bureau of Investigation (BOI) Chiefs and Directors (1908–1935)[edit | edit source]

# Picture Name Period[3] Notes
1 60px Stanley Finch July 26, 1908 – April 30, 1912 Chief of BOI
2 60px A. Bruce Bielaski April 30, 1912 – February 10, 1919 Chief of BOI
60px William E. Allen February 10, 1919 – June 30, 1919 Acting Chief of BOI
3 60px William J. Flynn July 1, 1919 – August 21, 1921
4 60px William J. Burns August 22, 1921 – May 10, 1924
5 60px J. Edgar Hoover May 10, 1924 – June 30, 1935

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Directors (1935–present)[edit | edit source]

# Picture Name Period[3] Length Notes
1 60px J. Edgar Hoover July 1, 1935 – May 2, 1972 36 years, 10 months Died at his Washington, D.C., home on May 2, 1972, from a heart attack
60px L. Patrick Gray May 3, 1972 – April 27, 1973 Acting (11 months)
60px William Ruckelshaus April 30, 1973 – July 9, 1973 Acting (3 months)
2 60px Clarence M. Kelley July 9, 1973 – February 15, 1978 4 years, 6 months
60px James B. Adams February 15, 1978 – February 23, 1978 Acting (8 Days)
3 60px William H. Webster February 23, 1978 – May 25, 1987 9 years, 3 months
60px John E. Otto May 26, 1987 – November 2, 1987 Acting (7 months)
4 60px William S. Sessions November 2, 1987 – July 19, 1993 6 years, 8 months
60px Floyd I. Clarke July 19, 1993 – September 1, 1993 Acting (2 months)
5 60px Louis Freeh September 1, 1993 – June 25, 2001 7 years, 9 months
60px Thomas J. Pickard June 25, 2001 – September 4, 2001 Acting (3 months)
6 60px Robert Mueller September 4, 2001 – Present

References[edit | edit source]

cs:Seznam ředitelů FBI it:Direttori dell'FBI ru:Директор Федерального бюро расследований

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