|Félix Ismael Rodríguez Mendigutia|
Félix Ismael Rodríguez, during an interview with Horacio Cambeiro in August 2011 in Miami.
|Nickname||Lazaro, Max Gómez, Félix Ramos Medina, Félix El Gato|
|Allegiance||22x20px United States|
|Service/branch||Central Intelligence Agency, United States Army|
|Years of service||1959 – Present|
|Unit||Special Activities Division, Army Special Forces, MACV-SOG|
|Battles/wars||Bay of Pigs Invasion, Vietnam War, Laos, Bolivia|
Intelligence Star (very rare CIA valor award), Silver Star, (9)|
Crosses for Gallantry by government of South Vietnam
Félix Ismael Rodríguez Mendigutia (born 31 May 1941) is a former Central Intelligence Agency officer known for his involvement in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, in the interrogation and execution of Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara and his ties to George H. W. Bush during the Iran–Contra affair. He is Cuban of Spanish Basque ancestry.
Biography[edit | edit source]
He attended The Perkiomen School, in Pennsylvania, but dropped out to join the Caribbean Anti-communist Legion, created by Dominican president Rafael Trujillo, with the intention of overthrowing Fidel Castro in Cuba.
The invasion of Cuba was a failure, and Rodriguez went back to Perkiomen. He graduated in June, 1960, and went to live with his parents in Miami, where thousands of Cuban exiles lived.
Bay of Pigs Invasion[edit | edit source]
He was a recruited asset under control of the Cuban Task Force under command and control of the CIA's Latin America Division. He joined and became a leader in the CIA-backed Operation 40 and Brigade 2506, and clandestinely entered Cuba a few weeks before the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. Utilizing his familiarity with the country, he was able to gather critical intelligence to be used in the planning and preparation for the invasion.
Bolivia[edit | edit source]
In 1967, the CIA recruited Rodriguez to train and head a team to hunt down Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara, who was attempting to foment a revolution in Bolivia. After Guevara was wounded and captured by Bolivian special forces trained and supported by the CIA, Rodriguez interrogated him. According to the Bolivian military Jaime Niño de Guzmán Guevara refused to speak with Rodriguez. A well-known photography, which shows Rodríguez in victory with a beaten and humiliated Guevara should be forged, such as searches of documentary filmmaker Wilfried Huismann revealed.  Rodríguez stated that he wanted to keep Guevara alive for further interrogation, but was thwarted by the order of the Bolivian President that Guevara be summarily executed. Rodríguez, whose cover was that of a Bolivian army major, repeated those orders, later stating that it was a Bolivian decision, and Guevara was killed. Rodriguez has in his possession Guevara's Rolex wristwatch.
Vietnam[edit | edit source]
He became a U.S. citizen in 1969, soon enlisting in the United States Army. During his career with the CIA he also went by the name Máximo Gómez. He was awarded the Intelligence Star for Valor by the CIA and nine Crosses for Gallantry by the South Vietnamese government. He was codenamed Lazarus after his survival of the Bay of Pigs invasion operation.
In the Vietnam War, Rodríguez flew over 300 helicopter missions, and was shot down five times. In 1971, Rodriguez trained Provincial Reconnaissance Units (PRUs). PRUs were CIA-sponsored units that worked for the Phoenix Program. The Walsh Report states (Chapter 29): "During the Vietnam War, [Donald] Gregg supervised CIA officer Felix Rodriguez and they kept in contact following the war." Rodriguez also reported to Ted Shackley during the Phoenix Program - Shackley became Bush's top aide for operations when he directed the CIA; Gregg later became National Security Advisor for Vice President Bush. Rodriguez was in frequent contact with him regarding arms for the Contras.
Iran-Contra and ties to George H.W. Bush[edit | edit source]
There is extensive documentation of Rodriguez' ties to US vice-president George H. W. Bush during the Iran–Contra affair, from 1983-1988. In September 1986 General John K. Singlaub wrote Oliver North expressing concern about Felix Rodriguez's daily contact with the Bush office and warned of damage to President Ronald Reagan and the US Republican Party. The Walsh Report (Chapter 25) states that M. Charles Hill took notes at a meeting between George Shultz and Elliott Abrams on 16 October 1986, as follows:
- "Felix Rodriguez [sic] – Bush did know him from CIA days. FR [Rodriguez] is ex-CIA. In El Salv[ador] he goes around to bars saying he is buddy of Bush. A y[ea]r ago Pdx [Poindexter] & Ollie [North] told VP staff stop protecting FR as a friend – we want to get rid of him from his involvnt [sic] w[ith] private ops. Nothing was done so he still is there shooting his mouth off."
- (brackets are in the original)
Rodriguez met with Donald Gregg, who by then was Bush's National Security advisor. The Walsh Report (Chapter 29) states: "Gregg introduced Rodriguez to Vice President Bush in January 1985, and Rodriguez met with the Vice President again in Washington, D.C., in May 1986. He also met Vice President Bush briefly in Miami on May 20, 1986."
Rodriguez also met and spoke repeatedly with Bush's advisor Gregg and his deputy (Col. Samuel J. Watson III). As one indicator of this connection, a single chapter in the Walsh Report titled "Donald P. Gregg" (Chapter 29) contains 329 references to Rodriguez.
On 5 October 1986, the C-123 carrying Eugene Hasenfus was shot down over Nicaragua, killing two US pilots, William H. Cooper and Wallace B. Sawyer, Jr., and one Latin American crew member. "Rodriguez unsuccessfully attempted to call Gregg to inform him of the missing plane. He reached Watson, who in turn notified the White House Situation Room. The following day, Rodriguez called Watson again and told him that the airplane was one of North's." Hasenfus told reporters that he worked for "Max Gomez" (an alias for Felix Rodriguez) and "Ramon Medina" (an alias for Luis Posada Carriles) of the CIA. On 10 October 1986, Clair George, head of CIA clandestine operations, testified before Congress that he did not know of any direct connection between Hasenfus and Reagan administration officials. In Fall of 1992, George was convicted on two charges of false statements and perjury before Congress; he was pardoned Christmas Eve that year by then-President Bush.
Activism[edit | edit source]
During the 2004 US Presidential election, Rodriguez was highly critical of Democratic candidate John Kerry, due in part to their previous meeting at a Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism and Narcotics hearing in 1987. During one session Kerry accused him of soliciting a $10 million donation from the Colombian cocaine cartel. The story had originally come from Ramon Milian Rodriguez, a convicted money launderer from Colombia. Rodriguez referred to Kerry as "a liar and self-promoter" and said he "should not be President." During the 2004 presidential election Rodriguez campaigned strongly for George W. Bush. He admitted his main motivation was “to get the real word out about John Kerry.” Others accused him of seeking revenge against Kerry for the Kerry Committee report.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Bay of Pigs Invasion
- Operation 40
- Che Guevara
- Phoenix Program
- Watergate scandal
- Iran–Contra affair
- Zapata Corporation
References[edit | edit source]
- Woodward, Bob. 2002. Bush At War, Simon and Schuester, p.317
- "Ein Werk der Konterrevolution": Interview mit dem Dokumentarfilmer Wilfried Huismann, http://www.wdr.de/themen/kultur/film02/schnappschuss_mit_che/interview.jhtml, Access at 15. Juli 2010, Autor: Stefan Domke published by WDR, Date: 12. April 2008, Archiv-url = http://web.archive.org/web/20080412045037/http://www.wdr.de/themen/kultur/film02/schnappschuss_mit_che/interview.jhtml, Archiv-Date: 9. Oktober 2007
- Jean-Guy Allard, article in Granma International, 24 July 2002
- Douglas Brook's MA thesis, "The Phoenix Program: a Retrospective Assessment", Baylor University, 1989, pp. iv, 38-40, 50, 57, 60, 114-18, 127, 140-144, and 148-56.
- Walsh Iran / Contra Report - Chapter 29 Donald P. Gregg
- Walsh Iran / Contra Report
- Walsh Iran / Contra Report - Chapter 25 United States v. Elliott Abrams
- Walsh Iran / Contra Report - Chapter 17 United States v. Clair E. George
- Brigada 2506
- Felix Rodriguez: Kerry No Foe of Castro
Autobiography[edit | edit source]
- Rodriguez, Felix I. and John Weisman. Shadow Warrior/the CIA Hero of a Hundred Unknown Battles. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989.
- Book review of Rodriguez' autobiography, online at: "Memoirs of the Man the White House Said Didn't Exist", book review of The Shadow Warrior, by Robert Parry, Washington Monthly, November 1989.
Cuba: Che Guevara, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Central America[edit | edit source]
- The Castro Obsession: U.S. Covert Operations Against Cuba, 1959-1965, Don Bohning, (2005)
- Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America, PD Scott, J Marshall, (1998)
- Cuban Information Archives. [Miami-based]
- Bay of Pigs documents and 40th anniversary conference papers at the National Security Archive at George Washington University's Gelman Library.
- Fabian Escalante, The Secret War: CIA Covert Operations Against Cuba, 1959-62 
- Statement of Information: Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives. United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. 1974. "specially trained to capture documents of the Castro government"
- Tangled Webs Vol. I - Page 73, by Gyeorgos Ceres Hatonn
- Detail Information on the Bay of Pigs Invasion — Includes maps of the Invasion and Documents.
- History of Cuba — Bay of Pigs Invasion.
- "The Panama Invasion Revisited: Lessons for the Use of Force in the Post Cold War Era", Eytan Gilboa, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 110, No. 4 (Winter, 1995), pp. 539–562
- Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America, PD Scott, J Marshall (1998)
- PBS’s Frontline: Thirty Years of America’s Drug War: A Chronology
- CIA man recounts Che Guevara's death
Vietnam: Operation Phoenix[edit | edit source]
- Douglas Valentine, The Phoenix Program (1990)
- Seymour Hersh, Cover-Up, Random House, 1972
- Long Time Passing, by Myra MacPherson, Signet, 1984
- Documents from the Phoenix Program
- Senate Review of Phoenix Program
- CIA and Operation Phoenix in Vietnam, by Ralph McGehee, ex-CIA
- Counter-Revolutionary Violence - Bloodbaths in Fact & Propaganda, by Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman
- Phoenix Program Bibliography
Iran-Contra scandal[edit | edit source]
- Lawrence E. Walsh, "Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters," August 4, 1993, Washington, DC, ISBN 0-671-66721-1.
- "Iran-Contra's Untold Story," by Robert Parry and Peter Kornbluh, Foreign Policy, No. 72 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 3–30
[edit | edit source]
- Interview (Spanish) Video Archive:Horacio Cambeiro Interviews Félix Rodríguez in Miami, Florida, August, 2011
- Booknotes Interview with Rodríguez on Shadow Warrior, November 12, 1989
- Felix Rodriguez Profile at WikiMir
- CIA - Debriefing of Félix Rodríguez Page 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6
- BBC News Audio Archive: Cold Warrior - A Profile of the Man Devoted to Removing Castro