The FSK (Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrrazvedki (Федера́льная Слу́жба Контрразве́дки), Federal Counterintelligence Service) was a state security organization, initially of the USSR, and, after its dissolution, of the Russian Federation. The FSK was the successor organization to the KGB. It existed from 1991 to 1995, when it was reorganized into the FSB.

Origin[edit | edit source]

The KGB was dissolved when its chief, Colonel-General Vladimir Kryuchkov, used the KGB's resources in aid of the attempted coup of 1991 to overthrow Mikhail Gorbachev. On August 23, 1991 Colonel-General Kryuchkov was arrested, and General Vadim Bakatin was appointed KGB Chairman--and mandated to dissolve the KGB.[1] On November 6, 1991, the KGB officially ceased to exist.

Directors of the FSK[edit | edit source]

Restructuring into FSB[edit | edit source]

The FSK was reorganized into the FSB (Federal'naya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoi Federatsii (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции) Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) by the Federal Law of April 3, 1995, "On the Organs of the Federal Security Service in the Russian Federation", making the new FSB a more powerful organization.

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Secret police of Communist Europe

he:השירות הפדרלי למודיעין מסכל של רוסיה lt:Rusijos Federacijos Federalinės saugumo tarnybos Kontržvalgybos tarnyba ja:ロシア連邦防諜庁 ru:Федеральная служба контрразведки Российской Федерации

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