Fort George G. Meade is a United States Army installation that includes the Defense Information School, the United States Army Field Band, and the headquarters of United States Cyber Command, the National Security Agency, and the Defense Courier Service. The fort's smaller census-designated place includes support facilities such as schools, housing, and the offices of the Military Intelligence Civilian Excepted Career Program (MICECP).
History[edit | edit source]
Initially called Camp Annapolis Junction, the post was opened as "Camp Admiral" in 1917 on Template:Convert/sqmi acquired for a training camp. The post was renamed[when?] Camp George Gordon Meade after construction of 1,460 buildings, and in 1919, the Camp Benning tank school--formed from the WWI Camp Colt and Tobyhanna schools--was transferred to the fort before the Tank Corps was disbanded. Renamed to Fort Leonard Wood (February 1928-March 5, 1929), the fort's Experimental Motorized Forces in the summer and fall of 1928 tested vehicles and tactics in expedition convoys (Camp Meade observers had joined the in-progress 1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy). In 1929, the fort's 1st Tank Regiment encamped on the Gettysburg Battlefield  and Fort Meade was used as a WWII recruit training post and prisoner of war camp. The Second U.S. Army Headquarters transferred to the post on June 15, 1947; and in the 1950s,Template:Specify the post became headquarters of the National Security Agency.
- Cold War air defense
- From the 1950s until the 1970s, the Fort Meade radar station had various radar equipment and control systems for air defense (e.g., the 1st Martin AN/FSG-I Antiaircraft Defense System). Fort Meade also had the first Nike Ajax surface-to-air missiles in December 1953 (operational May 1954) and an accidental firing occurred in 1955 with Battery C, 36th AAA Missile Battalion). In 1962, the Army's Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 13th Air Defense Artillery Group, transferred from Meade to Homestead AFB for initial deployment of MIM-23 Hawk missiles, and during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 6th Battalion (HAWK), 65th Artillery at Fort Meade (a United States Strike Command unit) was deployed to the Miami/Key West area  (the 8th Battalion (Hawk) was at the fort in late 1964.) Fort Meade bomb disposal experts were dispatched to secure nuclear bombs in the 1964 Savage Mountain B-52 crash.
Expansion[edit | edit source]
In 1977, a merger organized the fort's U.S. Army Intelligence Agency as part of the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command. On 1 October 1991, a wing of the Air Force Intelligence Command transferred to Fort Meade, and the organization was replaced byTemplate:Failed verification the 70th Operations Group on May 1, 2005. In the early 1990s, Template:Convert/sqmi was transferred from the post to the Patuxent Research Refuge. A planned closure of the post in the 1990s was not implemented,[when?] and the Defense Information School moved to the fort in 1995. The 311th Signal Command headquarters was at Fort Meade from 1996-September 2006. The 70th Intelligence Wing headquarters was established at Fort Meade on July 17, 2000, and the Base Realignment and Closure, 2005, designated Fort Meade to gain ~5,700 positions making it the 3rd largest workforce of any Army installation.
- Hazardous waste
- After an August 27, 2007, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency order to assess the contamination at 14 hazardous waste sites on Fort Meade (e.g., ordnance disposal area, 1940s waste dump, closed sanitary landfill), a September 2007 environmental impact report identified adding 2 golf courses would be a "significant threat to the biological and territorial integrity of the Patuxent Research Refuge" (the Army responded it is taking stepsTemplate:Specify to limit the environmental damage.)
After United States Cyber Command was established at the post in 2009; on April 15, 2011, the Defense Information Systems Agency ribbon-cutting for the move from Arlington, Virginia, was at the agency's Fort Meade complex of 95 acres (38 ha).
Museums[edit | edit source]
The Fort George G. Meade Museum exhibits the Post's historical artifacts, including uniforms, insignia and equipment. The Museum also a small collection of vehicles, including an FT-17, a MK VIII Liberty Tank, an M3A1 Stuart, an M4A3E8 Sherman, an M41 Walker Bulldog, an M47 Patton, armored personnel carriers such as an M113, M114 and M84, a Nike Ajax missile, and a UH-1H helicopter.
References[edit | edit source]
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- "To Abandon Camp Meade". Google News Archive. October 4, 1898. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=8-IyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=1QAGAAAAIBAJ&pg=3076,5338357&dq=west-virginia+monuments+gettysburg+1898&hl=en. Retrieved 2011-03-17. "It is stated from Washington that the war department has decided to abandon Camp Meade at once." (list of articles)
- Template:Cite report
- "Gen. Leonard Wood Memorial Authorized By Chief of Staff" (Google News Archive). The Telegraph-Herald and Times-Journal. February 19, 1928. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=gI9FAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_LwMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3778,4551594&dq=fort-leonard-wood+maryland&hl=en. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- "Fort Meade history". FtMeade.Army.mil. http://www.ftmeade.army.mil/pages/history/history.html. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- "1930 Reports". Gdg.org. http://www.gdg.org/Research/Authored%20Items/BCRReports/1930.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- Jerry Wilkinson. "North Key Largo Missile Site". Keyshistory.org. http://www.keyshistory.org/KL-NikeSite.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- "UFO Report". Nicap.org. 1964-12-19. http://www.nicap.org/reports/641219patuxent_rep4.htm. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- "Inside 70th ISR Wing". 70th ISR Wing. 70ISRW.AF.mil. http://www.70isrw.af.mil/70thisrwing/70thisrgroup/index.asp. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
- Fort George G. Meade: Current Site Information, Environmental Protection Agency, retrieved January 24, 2008
- "DINFOS History". Dinfos.osd.mil. http://www.dinfos.osd.mil/Dinfosweb/History.aspx. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- Rona S. Hirsch, , Ft. Meade Soundoff, August 25, 2011
- Steve Vogel, "U.S. Agency Assails Ft. Meade Plan: Impact Report Cites Concerns About Traffic and Environment, Washington Post, September 22, 2007
- "Ribbon Cutting Celebration…". DISA.mil. April 2011. http://www.disa.mil/news/pressreleases/2011/ribbon_cutting_041511.html. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- "Fort George G. Meade Museum - Home Page". Ftmeade.army.mil. 2008-06-02. http://www.ftmeade.army.mil/Museum/index.html. Retrieved 2012-09-04.