|Herbert W. Kalmbach|
Herbert Warren Kalmbach|
October 19, 1921
Port Huron, Michigan
B.S., University of Southern California, 1949
|Known for||Watergate figure|
|Board member of||
Chairman of the Board, Bank of Newport
Arizona Title Insurance Trust Company
552 Club of Hoag Memorial Presbyterian Hospital
Balboa Bay Club
|Spouse(s)||former Rose Bowl princess|
Biography[edit | edit source]
Kalmach was admitted to the bar in 1952. He was a real estate lawyer and founding partner of Kalmbach, DeMarco, Knapp & Chillingworth. He raised money for Richard Nixon's candidacy in the United States presidential election, 1960 and again in United States presidential election, 1968. He declined Nixon's offer to appoint him Under Secretary of Commerce, and instead became the president's private lawyer. His law firm prospered during this period; it employed two lawyers in 1968, fourteen in 1970, and twenty-four by 1973. The presidential connection drew United Air Lines, Dart Industries Inc., Marriott Corp., and MCA Inc. as clients. During this period Kalmbach founded the Bank of Newport, in Newport Beach, California. The firm performed routine legal chores for the President. 
Kalmbach was involved in a secret Nixon polling operation hidden from all but his closest senior advisors. Nixon used the poll results to shape policy and campaign strategy and manipulate popular opinion. On December 21, 1971, Kalmbach set up a Delaware shell corporation with private funding, to hide Administration sponsorship of polls.
Kalmbach was also the Deputy Finance Chairman for the Committee to Re-elect the President. In this capacity he eventually was implicated in a fund-raising scandal involving re-election campaign contributions by Associated Milk Producers, Inc. (AMPI) and two other major dairy-farm cooperatives in connection with Nixon's support of an increase in price supports for milk in 1971. Testimony by AMPI general manager George L. Mehrens in 1973 identified Kalmbach as a major solicitor of these contributions; articles on Charles Colson's involvement in the AMPI scandal indicated that $2 million in contributions had been expected, but that the actual donations were nearer to $400,000, of which some $197,500 had been given by AMPI.
Kalmbach handled a secret $500,000 fund to finance the sabotage and espionage operations of Donald Segretti, including $30,000 to $40,000 in 1972 alone for spying on Democrats. Segretti was paid from re-election funds gathered before the April 7, 1972, cutoff point after which a new law required full disclosure of contributors; Kalmbach told investigators in early 1973 that he had destroyed the contribution records prior to the April 7 date, violating the Federal Corrupt Practices Act, which required the records be maintained for two years and which expired only as of the new law's going into effect. Kalmbach claimed in a later FBI interview that he had not known who was supervising Segretti nor what activities he was being paid to perform. Kalmbach also raised $220,000 in "hush money" to pay off the Watergate burglars.
But it was his raising of $3.9 million for a secret Republican congressional campaign committee and promising an ambassador a better post in exchange for $100,000 that led to his conviction and imprisonment for 191 days and a $10,000 fine. Kalmbach lost his license to practice law, although he was reinstated in 1977.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "Herbert Warren Kalmbach." Almanac of Famous People, 9th ed. Thomson Gale, 2007. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale, 2009. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC. Fee via Fairfax County Public Library, accessed 2009-04-24.
- "Baker Hostetler - Find Lawyers - Herbert W. Kalmbach". Costa Mesa, California: Baker Hostetler (law firm). http://www.bakerlaw.com/herbertwkalmbach/. Retrieved 2009-04-24. "Herbert W. Kalmbach is Of Counsel to the firm. He has been involved in consulting assignments for a wide variety of clients."
- "The Rise and Fall of Herb Kalmbach". Time. March 11, 1974. "Discreet and studiously low-key, Herbert W. Kalmbach, 52, was the ideal lawyer to handle Richard Nixon's personal affairs. Like the President, he was a self-made and extraordinarily diligent man, both traits that Nixon admired in an aide. Above all else, Kalmbach was an unswerving and unquestioning loyalist."
- Mike Mokrzycki. "Nixon Aides Ran A Covert Polling Operation," Los Angeles Times (AP), August 13, 1995; summarizing The Rise of Presidential Polling: The Nixon White House in Historical Perspective, Lawrence R. Jacobs and Robert Y. Shapiro, The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 59, No. 2 (Summer, 1995), pp. 163-195 (article consists of 33 pages), Published by: Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2749700
- New York Times News Service. "Nixon's lawyer listed as solicitor," The Dallas Morning News, January 11, 1973, page 5A.
- United Press International. "A Watergate chronology," The Dallas Morning News, April 29, 1973, page 44A.
- de Witt, Karen (June 15, 1992). "WATERGATE, THEN AND NOW; Who Was Who in the Cover-Up and Uncovering of Watergate". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/06/15/us/watergate-then-and-now-who-was-who-in-the-cover-up-and-uncovering-of-watergate.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2009-04-24. "Herbert W. Kalmbach Nixon lawyer Mr. Kalmbach was associate finance chairman of the 1968 Nixon for President campaign and was an unofficial fund-raiser for the Committee for the Re-election of the President, controlling several secret funds. Mr. Kalmbach served six months in jail and was fined $10,000 for operating an illegal campaign committee and for offering an ambassadorship in return for political support. He also handled a secret $500,000 fund to finance sabotage and espionage operations in the salary of Donald H. Segretti, a lawyer, whose job it was to discredit the Democrats. Mr. Kalmbach is now 69 and an investor in Newport Beach, Calif."
- United Press International. "Payment reported," The Dallas Morning News, March 8, 1973, page 2A.
- United Press International. "Chapin, Segretti face grand jury," The Dallas Morning News, April 12, 1973, page 10A.
- Seymour M. Hersh, New York Times News Service. "Donor list reported destroyed," The Dallas Morning News, May 4, 1973, page 1A.
- New York Times Press Service. "Watergate jogs memory: Democrats recall strange election incidents," The Dallas Morning News, May 13, 1973, page 14A.
- Larry Eichel. "The 'duality' that made the man: Richard Milhous Nixon, 1913-1994," Philadelphia Inquirer, April 24, 1994.
- "Watergate figures! Where are they? What do they say?", Associated Press, June 14, 1982.
- James R. Polk. "Top money manager: unpublicized fund-raiser may hold key for Nixon," originally in Washington Star, reprinted in The Dallas Morning News, February 3, 1972, page 2A.
- Miller and Morris, "Donations flood a loophole," Los Angeles Times, October 11, 1992.
- "The lives they lead now," Washington Post, June 13, 1982.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 10: September, 1973-August, 1976. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1977.
- Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 12: September, 1979-August, 1982. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1983.
- Who's Who in America. 38th edition, 1974-1975. Wilmette: Marquis Who's Who, 1974.
- Who's Who in America. 39th edition, 1976-1977. Wilmette: Marquis Who's Who, 1976.
- Who's Who in the West. 14th edition, 1974-1975. Wilmette: Marquis Who's Who, 1974.