Israel Moiseevich Leplevsky (1894 - July 28 1938) was the head of the GPU in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, then People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938. His brother Gregory Leplevsky also worked in senior positions in the Soviet Union, including as Prosecutor of the USSR.

Early years[edit | edit source]

Born in Brest-Litovsk, Leplevsky was a member of the Jewish Labour Bund in 1910-1914. He received a home education and worked afterwards at Brest-Litovsk in a hat shop,and in a pharmacy warehouse.

In 1914 he was enrolled as a conscript in the army, where he served in the ranks on the Turkish front from October 1914 till June 1917.

Political career[edit | edit source]

In March 1917 Leplevsky became active in the Bolshevik party in Tbilisi. From June 1917 he was a member of the military organization of the RSDLP (Bolshevik) in Yekaterinoslav. Afterwards he made a career in the Soviet secret service, the GPU, in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, culminating in his appointment as People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938.

He was arrested on April 26, 1938, and on 28 July he was shot according a sentence passed by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR.

fr:Israël Leplevski ru:Леплевский, Израиль Моисеевич uk:Леплевський Ізраїль Мойсеєвич

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