James A. Williams
File:James A Williams.jpg
Lieutenant General James A. Williams
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
September 1981 – September 1985
Born (1932-03-29) March 29, 1932 (age 89)
Paterson, New Jersey
Allegiance USA
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1954–1985
Rank 30px Lieutenant General
Commands held Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
Commander, 525th Military Intelligence Group
Commander, 1st Military Intelligence Battalion]
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Cold War
Awards Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star with Valor Device
National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal

James A. Williams (born March 29, 1932) was a United States Army lieutenant general. Williams served as Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency in the 1980s. He is a 1987 inductee of the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame[1] and is the chairman of the board of directors for the National Military Intelligence Association.[2]

Early life[edit | edit source]

LTG Williams was born in Paterson, New Jersey. As a youth, the General paid his first visit to West Point in May, 1938 and four years later began his first Federal Service in May 1942 as a volunteer aircraft spotter for the 2nd Anti-Aircraft Region. As a youth he was active in sports, playing baseball, running track and swimming. He was a member of the 1950 NJ Group II State Basketball Championship Team and garnered Group II All State Honors. He was also an avid hiker and skier.

Education[edit | edit source]

In 1954, he graduated from the United States Military Academy[3] with a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering and initially commissioned as a second lieutenant in Air Defense Artillery. He received a Master of Arts degree in Latin American Studies from the University of New Mexico in 1964. His military education includes completion of the Air Defense Basic Officers Course, the United States Army Intelligence School, the Artillery Officers Career Course, the United States Army Command and General Staff College, the Defense Intelligence School, and the National War College.

Military career[edit | edit source]

LTG Williams began his career with Air Defense Artillery assignments, but except for a tour with the Field Command of the Defense Atomic Support Agency, his subsequent assignments were in the intelligence field. After assignments with the 470th Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, Fort Amador, Canal Zone and the 471st Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, Fort Brooke, Puerto Rico, he was assigned to the US Army Combat Developments Command at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he was project intelligence officer for Tactical Aerial Reconnaissance and Surveillance, 1975 (TARS-75). After this, he served as the Assistant Army Attaché in Caracas, Venezuela. He then commanded the 1st Military Intelligence Battalion (Provisional), 525th Military Intelligence Group, United States Army Vietnam supporting the III Marine Amphibious Force(III MAF) and then served in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations in Washington, DC.

Remaining in Washington, Williams was named the Director of Political/Military Affairs, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, State Department and Chief, Counterintelligence and Collection Division, and then Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Headquarters, Department of the Army. From there he assumed command of the 650th Military Intelligence Group (Counterintelligence) at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe. Upon return to the United States, he was assigned to the Defense Intelligence Agency as Chief, Missile Forces/Strategic Arms Limitation Branch, Soviet/Warsaw Pact Division, and he later served as the Deputy Director for Estimates. Prior to his return to the Defense Intelligence Agency as its director, Williams served as Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, United States Army, and the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, United States Army, Europe. In September 1981, he was appointed the Director of DIA.

General Williams culminated 31 years service with a four year tour as Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency(DIA). He was the senior intelligence officer (SIO) for the Department of Defense (DoD) and directed intelligence analysis for DoD and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He initiated widespread use of open source collection of foreign scientific and technical information by DIA as well as establishment of the Military Intelligence Integrated Data System(MIIDS). Under the General's supervision DIA, in conjunction with the Central Intelligence Agency, brought into operation the Secure Analyst File Environment(SAFE) an interactive system of intelligence analyst files. Under his direction DIA established the first formal requirements for imagery from civilian satellites such as LANDSAT. LTG Williams was also instrumental in creating the first computerized threat methodologies for DoD and established the first threat validation system for the Defense Acquisition Cycle

General Williams focused the Agency on enhancing support to tactical and theater commanders, improving capabilities to meet major wartime intelligence requirements, and strengthening indications and warning assets.[4] In this regard he was responsible for establishing the first terrorism warning billets in the Agency and for placing the first United States Coast Guard Attachés on station. During his tenure the Defense Intelligence College was chartered by Congress to award a Master’s Degree of Strategic Intelligence, the first federally chartered institution to be authorized to award a graduate level degree.

In December 1981, President Reagan signed Executive Order 12333 giving the Intelligence Community a mandate for the years ahead. In response to a requirement to improve intelligence support to the Unified & Specified Commands’ war-fighting capabilities, the functional manager for intelligence processing was established in 1982. The Central America Joint Intelligence Team (CAJIT) was established in 1984 as an interagency analytical task organization focused on insurgency in Central America. DIA also created the Intelligence Communications Architecture to improve DoD’s ability to disseminate national level intelligence to tactical commanders during contingency situations. The concept of intelligence as a “force multiplier in crises” became a predominant theme in planning as DIA began structuring an all source integrated database to support the Unified & Specified Commands in assessing the threat in the field. General Williams established a Research Crisis Support Center to provide a centralized, operationally secure, all-source, crisis management center to support the National Military Intelligence Center (NMIC) and the Unified & Specified Commands. As events deteriorated in Nicaragua, DIA analysts provided extensive support to the U.S. Southern Command.

Other analysis focused on the Falkland Islands War and Israel’s invasion of Lebanon. When 6,000 U.S. troops invaded Grenada during Operation URGENT FURY in 1983, DIA’s Task Force responded to numerous formal taskings for briefings and information, and distributed a wide variety of intelligence summaries to assist field commanders during the operation. The planning process for URGENT FURY was greatly facilitated by a number of intelligence products that had been prepared as early as 1979, bringing high praise for DIA’s support and services. Other DIA analytical efforts during the year centered on the continuing crises in Nicaragua, Lebanon (the attack on the Marine barracks), Iran and Iraq, and Afghanistan, as well as the Soviet shoot-down of KAL 007, the civil war in Chad, and unrest in the Philippines. A significantly larger number of hijackings, bombings, kidnappings, murders, and other acts of terrorism led to characterizing 1985 as the “Year of the Terrorist.”

Finally, General Williams oversaw the Agency’s move into its new headquarters at Bolling Air Force Base. The Defense Intelligence Analysis Center(DIAC) was dedicated on May 23, 1984.[5]

Since his retirement from the U.S. Army in 1985 LTG Williams has served as senior consultant for a variety of projects dealing with the collection, processing and analysis of intelligence; integration of intelligence data processing systems and revitalization of the civil remote sensing program. LTG Williams played a major role as an advisor for two projects to improve imagery collection management. He also serves as a member of intelligence advisory panels for Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories and is a member of the Special Technologies Advisory Panel for the Department of Energy.

General Williams was one of the pioneers in the use of open source data for commercial purposes. Since 1987 he has been President of the Direct Information Access Corporation (DIAC), which specializes in the production of commercial intelligence.

General Williams served for five years as the Chairman of a task force overseeing the creation of the Defense HUMINT Service. He also served as an advisor for the Army on the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Program and played a major role on two projects to improve imagery collection management.

Following are some of the programs and groups that he has participated in:

Decorations and awards[edit | edit source]

Lieutenant General Williams’ military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star with “V” Device and Oak Leaf Cluster, the Meritorious Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Air Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, The National Defense Service Medal, the Vietnam Service Medal with four stars, the Army Service Ribbon, the Army Overseas Service Ribbon, the Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal, and the Vietnam Campaign Medal.

Unit awards include the Army Meritorious Unit Commendation, and the Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation, the French Legion of Honor and the German Order of the Knights Commander.

Badges include the Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge, Joint Staff Identification Badge, the Army General Staff Identification Badge, the Defense Intelligence Agency Badge, and the Expert Marksmanship Badge.

General Williams is also the recipient of the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, He is a member of the Military Attaché Hall of Fame and is a Distinguished Member of the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame.

U.S. military decorations
width=106 Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (with Oak Leaf Cluster)
Bronze Star (with Valor Device and Oak Leaf Cluster)
Army Meritorious Service Medal (with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters)
Air Medal (with Oak Leaf Cluster)
width=106 Joint Service Commendation Medal
width=106 Army Commendation Medal
width=106 National Defense Service Medal
Vietnam Service Medal (with 4 stars)
width=106 Army Service Ribbon
width=106 Army Overseas Service Ribbon (with numeral 2)
width=106 Armed Forces Honor Medal
width=106 Vietnam Campaign Medal
Unit awards
Army Meritorious Unit Commendation with Oak Leaf Cluster
width=106 Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Qualification badges
80px Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge
80px Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
80px Army Staff Identification Badge
Defense Intelligence Agency Badge
80px Expert Marksmanship Badge
Combat Service (Vietnam War – II Field Force Vietnam)
National non-military awards
width=106 National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal

References[edit | edit source]

  • This entry is based on the biography on page 119 of Army Executive Biographies, DA Pamphlet 360-10, May 15, 1985.
Government offices
Preceded by
Eugene F. Tighe
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
Succeeded by
Leonard H. Perroots
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