Jill Wine-Banks (born c. 1945[1]) is a United States lawyer who was one of the prosecutors during the Watergate scandal, and who served as General Counsel of the Army from 1977 to 1980.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Jill Wine was born c. 1945, and raised in Chicago, where her father was a Certified Public Accountant.[2] She was educated at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, receiving a B.S. in Communications,[3] and at Columbia Law School, receiving a J.D. in 1968.[2] She married Ian Volner, who was also a lawyer, and began using the name Jill Wine Volner.[2]

After law school, Wine Volner joined the United States Department of Justice, becoming one of the first female attorneys in the organized crime section.[2] During the Watergate scandal, she served on the staff of special prosecutor Leon Jaworski.[2] In that capacity, in the proceedings before Judge John Sirica, she was responsible for cross-examining President of the United States Richard Nixon's secretary Rose Mary Woods about the 18-1/2 minute gap on the Watergate tapes.[2]

After Watergate, Wine Volner joined a Washington, D.C. law firm.[2] In 1977, President Jimmy Carter nominated her to serve as General Counsel of the Army, and she subsequently held that post until 1980.[2] She also divorced Ian Volner, and, in 1980, married a high school flame, Michael Banks, an antiques dealer living in Winnetka, Illinois, and changed her name to Jill Wine-Banks.[2]

In 1980, at the behest of Albert E. Jenner, Jr., who had served on the staff of the Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee during Watergate and who had been impressed with her in-court performance, she became a partner at the Chicago law firm of Jenner & Block.[2]

In 1987, she became the executive director of the American Bar Association, the first woman to hold that position.[4] In 1989, there was a minor scandal after Wine-Banks convinced the Illinois Attorney General's office, of which Wine-Banks had once been the second in command, to assign a prosecutor to investigate a veterinarian who she believed had negligently treated her Dalmatian, leading to the dog's death.[4] After the Chicago Tribune ran a story titled"'Grieving Dog Owner Unleashes Clout With State", a former ABA president, Eugene Thomas, circulated a letter in which he said that Wine-Banks "does not understand the use of power and lacks a sense of decorum and propriety in professional matters" and should be dismissed by the ABA.[4] She later left the ABA in 1990.[5]

In 1992, Wine-Banks joined Motorola as a Director and Vice President, a position she held until 2000.[5] From 1997 to 2000, she was also a Vice President of Maytag.[5] In 2001, she founded and was the Chief Executive Officer of Winning Workplaces, a human resources firm.[5] She left Winning Workplaces in 2003 and joined the Chicago Public Schools as Chief Officer for Career and Technical Education, a post she held until 2008.[5] Since November 2008, Wine-Banks has worked as a consultant with F & H Solutions.[6]

References[edit | edit source]

Government offices
Preceded by
Charles D. Ablard
General Counsel of the Army
1977 – 1980
Succeeded by
Sara E. Lister
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