For the Ottawa mayor, see Larry O'Brien (Canadian politician).
Lawrence Francis O'Brien, Jr.
File:Obrien.gif
3rd Commissioner of the National Basketball Association
In office
1975–1984
Preceded by Walter Kennedy
Succeeded by David Stern
57th United States Postmaster General
In office
November 3, 1965 – April 10, 1968
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by John A. Gronouski
Succeeded by W. Marvin Watson
31st Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
In office
1968–1969
Preceded by John Moran Bailey
Succeeded by Fred R. Harris
33rd Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
In office
1970–1972
Preceded by Fred R. Harris
Succeeded by Jean Westwood
Personal details
Born July 7, 1917
Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
Died September 28, 1990(1990-09-28) (aged 73)
New York City
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Northeastern University

Lawrence Francis "Larry" O'Brien, Jr. (July 7, 1917 – September 28, 1990) was one of the United States Democratic Party's leading electoral strategists for more than two decades. He served as Postmaster General in the cabinet of President Lyndon Johnson.

He also served as commissioner of the National Basketball Association from 1975 to 1984.

O'Brien, son of Irish immigrants, was born in Springfield, Massachusetts. When he wasn't working in politics, O'Brien managed his family's real-estate and worked in public relations.

Politics[edit | edit source]

O'Brien learned about politics at a young age. His father, a local leader of the Democratic Party, recruited him at 11-years-old to serve locally as a volunteer in the 1928 presidential campaign of Al Smith. O'Brien became a passionate Democrat and soon earned a bachelor's degree in law in 1942 at Northeastern University - a Springfield Division now known as the Western New England College School of Law.

He was appointed in 1946, 1948, and 1950 by his friend Foster Furcolo to serve locally as the director of the U.S. House of Representatives election campaigns.

O'Brien was appointed in 1952 by John F. Kennedy to serve in Massachusetts as the director of his successful U.S. Senate election campaign and, in 1958, to serve in Massachusetts as the director of his successful reelection campaign. His elections were largely attributed to O'Brien's recruitment and use of volunteers, and his development of a statewide election campaign.

He began in 1959 to build the foundation for Senator Kennedy's 1960 presidential campaign by touring the United States.

O'Brien was appointed in 1960 by Sen. Kennedy to serve nationally as the director of his presidential campaign. His election planning in key primary states such as Wisconsin and West Virginia convinced many in the party that Sen. Kennedy's Catholicism wasn't a problem.

O'Brien developed a new presidential-campaign strategy for the Democratic National Convention (DNC) which became the standard for both parties. He collected information about each convention delegate and alternate delegate, and communicated frequently with each delegate's liaisons.

O'Brien was appointed in 1964 by President Lyndon B. Johnson to serve nationally as the director of his presidential campaign.

In 1968, Vice President Hubert Humphrey appointed O'Brien to serve nationally as the director of his presidential campaign and by Howard Hughes to serve in Washington as his public-policy lobbyist.

Committed to the principle that political parties are fundamental to the American political process, O'Brien was elected in 1968 and 1970 by the DNC to serve nationally as its chairman. His office was the primary target of the break-in at DNC headquarters in 1972, leading to the ensuing Watergate scandal. John H. Meier, a former business advisor to Hughes, collaborated with Hubert Humphrey and others to use Donald Nixon to feed misinformation to his brother, the President.

According to Meier, he told Donald that he was sure the Democrats would win the election since they had a lot of information on Richard Nixon’s illicit dealings with Howard Hughes that had never been released, and that Larry O’Brien had the information [1] (O’Brien didn’t actually have any documents but Meier wanted Richard Nixon to think he did). Donald then called his brother and told him that Meier gave the Democrats all the Hughes information that could destroy him (Richard Nixon) and that O’Brien has it.[2]

This provided the President with the motivation to break into O’Brien’s office, as he wanted to see if anything was going to break before the election, and which led to the Watergate scandal.

During the 1972 Presidential election, O'Brien was a top adviser to George McGovern. During the Thomas Eagleton affair, his name was mentioned as a possible Vice-Presidential replacement. This position later went to Sargent Shriver.

The DNC Lawrence O'Brien Award was created in 1992 by his family and the Democratic Party leaders to acknowledge the many years of service he gave to the party and his belief in the importance of volunteer contribution.

Government[edit | edit source]

His first post in Washington was in 1948 as Rep. Foster Furcolo's administrative assistant. In 1960, he was appointed by President-elect Kennedy to recruit staff for his administration.

O'Brien was appointed in 1961 by President Kennedy to serve in Washington as the special assistant to the president for congressional relations and personnel. O'Brien was also responsible for awarding patronage. O'Brien was a member of President Kennedy inner circle of trusted advisors known in Washington as the "Irish Mafia".

He lobbied successfully during President Kennedy's first year for the expansion of the U.S. House of Representatives Standing Committee on rules to ensure a liberal and moderate majority. O'Brien also lobbied for increasing minimum wage.

He managed President Kennedy's activities in 1962 on behalf of the Democratic Party during its election campaigns.

O'Brien accompanied President and Mrs. Kennedy on their trip to Texas in November of 1963. The trip was part of the strategy for President Kennedy's run for re-election in 1964. O'Brien was to join the Kennedys at the Johnsons' ranch following the President's speaches and fund raising tour through state. After President John F. Kennedy was declared dead at Parkland Hospital on the afternoon of November 22, 1963, O'Brien accompanied the President's coffin and Mrs. Kennedy back Air Force One at Love Field in Dallas. While aboard Air Force One, President Johnson called for O'Brien and Kenny O'Donnell (another Kennedy insider and member of the Irish Mafia) asking both of them to stay on and work with Johnson in his new administration. Although O'Brien had never been close to Johnson (and many writing including Johnson biographer Robert Caro report O'Brien did not like or trust Johnson and/or had openly made fun of Johnson), he remained at the White House and worked for the new President. President Johnson appointed O'Brien to serve as special assistant to the president for congressional relations and personnel. O'Brien continued this service through 1965.

O'Brien was appointed in 1965 by President Johnson to serve in Washington, D.C. as the U.S. Postmaster General. O'Brien continued this service through 1968.

The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Lawrence F. O'Brien Gallery was named and opened in 2004 in his memory.

NBA Commissioner[edit | edit source]

He was appointed in 1975 by the National Basketball Association to serve nationally as its commissioner, where he directed the successful ABA-NBA merger that brought the American Basketball Association into the NBA, negotiated television-broadcast agreements with CBS Television, and saw game attendance increase significantly. He continued this service through 1984. In 1984, the NBA Championship Trophy was renamed in the Larry O'Brien NBA Championship Trophy, in honor of his service to the sport.

However, his league was troubled by public relations issues, especially after the merger. The NBA was looked down on by many fans and reporters, who believed that most NBA players used illegal drugs. O'Brien pushed for an anti-drug agreement with the NBA Players Association, which was later reached successfully.

O'Brien also pushed for the league to move its TV contract from ABC to CBS; in the aftermath of this, ABC Sports chief Roone Arledge decimated CBS' NBA ratings via counter-programming. CBS later used a new contract to move around, show on tape-delayed coverage (most famously Game 6 of the 1980 NBA Finals), or simply ignore NBA postseason games.

O'Brien was also generally pushed by his staff into many of his good decisions, including the expanded All-Star Weekend, most notably by current NBA commissioner David Stern. Many consider Stern the driving force behind expanded (and non-haphazard) TV contracts with CBS and cable networks and the rise in game attendance, as well as several crucial issues that predicated the rise of the NBA in the early 1980s.[3]

O'Brien was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, located at his birthplace, Springfield, Massachusetts.

NBA career highlights[edit | edit source]

Quotations[edit | edit source]

  • "Volunteers are essential to the success of any political campaign. There is no such thing as having a surplus of volunteers," O'Brien, 1960 campaign manual of President Kennedy.
  • "I'm proud to be a politician. Politics is the art of the possible and it is an intensely personal art," O'Brien memoirs, No Final Victories.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. DuBois, Larry, and Laurence Gonzales (September 1976).Hughes Nixon and the C.I.A.: The Watergate Conspiracy Woodward and Bernstein Missed.Playboy.
  2. Bellett, Gerald (1995). Age of Secrets: The Conspiracy that Toppled Richard Nixon and the Hidden Death of Howard Hughes. Voyageur North America. ISBN 0-921842-42-2
  3. Halberstam, David (1999). Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan and the World he Made. Random House. ISBN 0-7679-0444-3. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Political offices
Preceded by
John A. Gronouski
United States Postmaster General
Served under: Lyndon B. Johnson

November 3, 1965 – April 20, 1968
Succeeded by
W. Marvin Watson
Party political offices
Preceded by
John M. Bailey
Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
1968–1969
Succeeded by
Fred R. Harris
Preceded by
Fred R. Harris
Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Jean Westwood
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Walter Kennedy
NBA Commissioner
1975 – 84
Succeeded by
David Stern

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