File:MI Corps Insignia.svg

Military Intelligence Corps branch insignia

The Military Intelligence Corps (sometimes referred to as MI) is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army’s intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.[1]

Structure[edit | edit source]

File:Inscom.png

INSCOM shoulder sleeve insignia

Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:

History[edit | edit source]

Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army from its founding in 1775.

In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.[2]

In 1885, the Army established the Military Intelligence Division (MID). In 1903, the MID was placed under the new general staff in an elevated position.[3]

In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service (MIS). Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:

  • an Administrative Group
  • an Intelligence Group
  • a Counter-intelligence Group
  • an Operations Group

In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of MIS, which specialized in COMINT.

In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency. In 1946, the Counter-Intelligence Group became the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps.

It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.[4][5] [6] In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.

Military Intelligence Corps[edit | edit source]

File:MI RDI.svg

Military Intelligence Corps Distinctive Insignia

The Military Intelligence Corps is one of the basic branches of the United States Army.[7] In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System.[8] All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.

Units[edit | edit source]

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades[edit | edit source]

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades (BfSB) are meant to improve the situational awareness about the battlefield for commanders at division level or higher, so they can adapt their units combat power for the current operations. For this the Battlefield Surveillance Brigades can deploy unmanned aerial vehicles, signals gathering equipment, human intelligence collectors and long range surveillance patrols.[9]

There are currently three active Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, each supporting one of the three Corps of the US Army: the 201st BfSB at Fort Lewis, the 504th BfSB at Fort Hood and the 525th BfSB at Fort Bragg. A fourth brigade is scheduled to activate at Fort Polk in 2013 but is not yet named. The Army National Guard has additional seven BfSB's.

Each BfSB consists of a headquarters and headquarters company, two military intelligence battalions, a reconnaissance squadron with a long range surveillance troop, a signals company and a support company.

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades
Name Insignia Subordinate to Garrison
201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 38th Cavalry Regiment
  • 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 63rd Network Support Signal Company
  • 602nd Brigade Support Company
100px
I Corps
Fort Lewis
504th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Squadron, 38th Cavalry Regiment
  • 163rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 303rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 268th Network Support Signal Company
  • 509th Brigade Support Company
100px
III Corps
Fort Hood
525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade 100px
XVIII Corps
Fort Bragg
58th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 158th Cavalry Regiment
  • 325th Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • 629th Network Support Signal Company
  • 729th Brigade Support Company
100px Maryland Army National Guard Maryland
67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 134th Cavalry Regiment
  • 250th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 234th Network Support Signal Company
  • 1167th Brigade Support Company
100px Nebraska Army National Guard Nebraska
71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 124th Cavalry Regiment
  • 636th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 236th Network Support Signal Company
  • 112th Brigade Support Company
100px Texas Army National Guard Texas
142nd Battlefield Surveillance Brigade [10]
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 131st Cavalry Regiment
  • 321st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 67th Network Support Signal Company
  • 31st Brigade Support Company
100px Alabama Army National Guard Alabama
219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Squadron, 152d Cavalry Regiment
  • 378th Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • Detachment, 165th Quartermaster Company
  • 438th Network Support Signal Company
  • 2219th Brigade Support Company
100px Indiana Army National Guard Indiana
297th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 297th Cavalry Regiment
  • 373rd Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • 297th Network Support Signal Company
  • 207th Brigade Support Company
100px Alaska Army National Guard Alaska
560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment
  • 221st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 165th Quartermaster Company
  • 420th Network Support Signal Company
  • 230th Brigade Support Company
100px Georgia Army National Guard Georgia

Military Intelligence Brigades[edit | edit source]

Military Intelligence Brigades
Name Insignia Supports Garrison
66th Military Intelligence Brigade 100px United States Army Europe Wiesbaden Army Airfield, (Germany)
111th Military Intelligence Brigade 100px United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence, (TRADOC) Fort Huachuca
300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army National Guard)
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company (Utah)
  • 25px 141st Military Intelligence Battalion (Utah)
  • 25px 142nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Utah)
  • 25px 223rd Military Intelligence Battalion (California)
  • 25px 260th Military Intelligence Battalion (Florida)
  • 25px 341st Military Intelligence Battalion (Washington)
  • 25px 415th Military Intelligence Battalion (Louisiana)
100px United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) Draper, Utah
470th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 14th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 201st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 204th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 206th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 306th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 314th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 338th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 377th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 401st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 717th Military Intelligence Battalion
100px United States Army South Fort Sam Houston
500th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 15th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 205th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 301st Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
  • 441st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 715th Military Intelligence Battalion
100px United States Army Pacific Schofield Barracks
501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 524th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 532rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 719th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 368th Military Intelligence Battalion
100px US Forces Korea (USFK) and Eighth United States Army Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)
513th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 202nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 224th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 297th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 345th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
100px INSCOM Fort Gordon
650th Military Intelligence Group [11][12] 100px Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) Mons, Belgium
704th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 741st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 742nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 743rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 744th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • United States Army Technical Support Activity
100px INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
706th Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 707th Military Intelligence Battalion
The 706th wear the
INSCOM shoulder
sleeve insignia
in
lieu of having their own.
INSCOM Fort Gordon
780th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 781th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 782nd Military Intelligence Battalion
The 780th wear the
INSCOM shoulder
sleeve insignia
in
lieu of having their own.
INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
902d Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 25px 308th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 25px 310th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • Army Foreign Counterintelligence Activity
100px INSCOM Fort George G. Meade

Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps[edit | edit source]

I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.[citation needed]

Museum[edit | edit source]

The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present.

Military Intelligence Hall of Fame[edit | edit source]

Main article: Military Intelligence Hall of Fame

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

de:United States Army Intelligence pl:Army Intelligence ru:Разведывательное управление армии США

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