The Military Intelligence Corps (sometimes referred to as MI) is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army’s intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.
Structure[edit | edit source]
Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G2). As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines.
- United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), located at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. It is the Army's major intelligence command.
- United States Army Intelligence Center, located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It is the Army's school for professional training of military intelligence personnel.
History[edit | edit source]
Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army from its founding in 1775.
In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.
In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service (MIS). Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:
- an Administrative Group
- an Intelligence Group
- a Counter-intelligence Group
- an Operations Group
In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of MIS, which specialized in COMINT.
It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.  In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.
Military Intelligence Corps[edit | edit source]
The Military Intelligence Corps is one of the basic branches of the United States Army. In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System. All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.
Units[edit | edit source]
Battlefield Surveillance Brigades[edit | edit source]
Battlefield Surveillance Brigades (BfSB) are meant to improve the situational awareness about the battlefield for commanders at division level or higher, so they can adapt their units combat power for the current operations. For this the Battlefield Surveillance Brigades can deploy unmanned aerial vehicles, signals gathering equipment, human intelligence collectors and long range surveillance patrols.
There are currently three active Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, each supporting one of the three Corps of the US Army: the 201st BfSB at Fort Lewis, the 504th BfSB at Fort Hood and the 525th BfSB at Fort Bragg. A fourth brigade is scheduled to activate at Fort Polk in 2013 but is not yet named. The Army National Guard has additional seven BfSB's.
Each BfSB consists of a headquarters and headquarters company, two military intelligence battalions, a reconnaissance squadron with a long range surveillance troop, a signals company and a support company.
|201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
|504th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
|525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade||100px||Fort Bragg|
|58th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Maryland Army National Guard||Maryland|
|67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Nebraska Army National Guard||Nebraska|
|71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Texas Army National Guard||Texas|
|142nd Battlefield Surveillance Brigade 
||100px||Alabama Army National Guard||Alabama|
|219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Indiana Army National Guard||Indiana|
|297th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Alaska Army National Guard||Alaska|
|560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
||100px||Georgia Army National Guard||Georgia|
Military Intelligence Brigades[edit | edit source]
|66th Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||United States Army Europe||Wiesbaden Army Airfield, (Germany)|
|111th Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence, (TRADOC)||Fort Huachuca|
|300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army National Guard)
||100px||United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM)||Draper, Utah|
|470th Military Intelligence Brigade
||100px||United States Army South||Fort Sam Houston|
|500th Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||United States Army Pacific||Schofield Barracks|
|501st Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||US Forces Korea (USFK) and Eighth United States Army||Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)|
|513th Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||INSCOM||Fort Gordon|
|650th Military Intelligence Group ||100px||Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)||Mons, Belgium|
|704th Military Intelligence Brigade||100px||INSCOM||Fort George G. Meade|
|706th Military Intelligence Group
||The 706th wear the
sleeve insignia in
lieu of having their own.
|780th Military Intelligence Brigade
||The 780th wear the
sleeve insignia in
lieu of having their own.
|INSCOM||Fort George G. Meade|
|902d Military Intelligence Group||100px||INSCOM||Fort George G. Meade|
Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps[edit | edit source]
I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.
Museum[edit | edit source]
The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present.
Military Intelligence Hall of Fame[edit | edit source]
- Main article: Military Intelligence Hall of Fame
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of United States Army careers#Military Intelligence Branch (MI)
- Combat Support
- United States Army Counterintelligence
- Company Level Intelligence Cell
References[edit | edit source]
- United States Intelligence Community Official Website[dead link]
- The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=VnQduXa4JdoC&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=Military+Intelligence+Division+1882&source=web&ots=SA8VHu0WpK&sig=mhKGhIZ9XsKk6FSkERkd6qexdEk&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "index2". Hrc.army.mil. 28 October 2009. https://www.hrc.army.mil/site/active/index2.asp. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- Military Intelligence by John Patrick Finnegan, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C., 1998 accessed 18 February 2008
- "Military Intelligence Corps". Branchorientation.com. http://www.branchorientation.com/militaryintelligence/profile.html. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- Welcome To the Intelligence Center Online Network
- "Army's New Battlefield Surveillance Brigades Ramping Up". Defense Daily. 2009. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_6712/is_24_241/ai_n31436788/.
- 142nd BFSD Overview, by MAJ Ethan Allen, dated 28 July 2011, accessed 03 July 2012
- AR 381–10, U.S. Army Intelligence Activities, Department of the Army, dated 3 May 2007, last accessed 7 July 2012
- FM 34-37; Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations; Chapter 9, 650TH Military Intelligence Group, last accessed 7 July 2012
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- McChristian, General Joseph A. (1994 (reprint of 1974) id = CMH Pub 90-19). Vietnam Studies. United States Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/books/Vietnam/mi/index.htm.
- Ruiz, Victor H., 2010. "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall’s Knowledge Taxonomy" . Applied Research Projects. Texas State University Paper 331. http://ecommons.txstate.edu/arp/331