Template:Infobox Government agency

File:MAH kurulus belgesi.jpg

The establishment document, dated 6 January 1926.

The National Security Service (Template:Lang-tr, or MAH) was the governmental intelligence organization of Turkey between 1926 and 1965, when it was replaced by the National Intelligence Organization (Template:Lang-tr, MİT).[1]

It was established at a time when Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was purging Union and Progress elements, including the Sentinel Association and the Teşkilât-ı Mahsûsa intelligence organizations.[1][2] The first director of the MAH was M. Şükrü Âli Ögel.

During World War II, Turkey saw increased espionage by British, Soviet and German operatives and sympathizers. The MAH learned that the Germany would not attempt to invade Turkey, allowing the İnönü administration to resist mounting Allied pressure to declare war on Germany. (British efforts to get Turkey as an ally against Germany are a central element of Eric Ambler's classic spy thriller Journey Into Fear, published in 1940, in which a fictional head of the MAH, Colonel Haki, plays an important role.)

The MAH received financial support from the CIA.[3][4]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  • Atatürk named it MAH, without expanding the acronym, so people would not guess what the organization was responsible for. This gave rise to incorrect backronyms such as Millî Amale Hizmeti and Millî Asayiş Hizmeti.[2]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 MAH, official MİT web site Template:Tr icon
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ünlü, Ferhat (2007-07-16). "En yanlış anlaşılan kısaltma: MAH" (in Turkish). Sabah. http://arsiv.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/16/haber,8E7F251295BF41DEA45A095FD975C156.html. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  3. Turkmen, İlter (2008-01-15). "The Coca-Cola myth". Turkish Daily News. http://arama.hurriyet.com.tr/arsivnews.aspx?id=-622192. Retrieved 2008-10-22. "...the CIA paid some money to meet personnel salaries..." 
  4. Dündar, Can (2001-01-13). "Kavganın gerçek tadı: Coca-Cola" (in Turkish). Milliyet. http://www.milliyet.com.tr/2008/01/13/yazar/dundar.html. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Turkey-org-stub Template:Euro-mil-stub

tr:Millî Emniyet Hizmeti Riyâseti

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