Nicodemo Salvatore Scarfo, Jr.
Born 1964
Nationality American
Ethnicity Italian
Spouse(s) Michele Scarfo-Winkler (married 2001; divorced 2008)
Lisa Murray-Scarfo (married 2009)
Children Nicodemo Scarfo III (born 2002)
Parents Nicodemo Domenico Scarfo (father)
Domenica Scarfo (mother)

Nicodemo Salvatore "Nicky" Scarfo Jr.[1] (born 1964) is the second son of convicted Philadelphia crime family boss Nicodemo "Little Nicky" Scarfo, Sr. In his 20s, he was allegedly inducted into the Lucchese crime family sometime in the early 1990s.[2]

Scarfo was the victim of a notorious assassination attempt by a masked gunman on Halloween in 1989. The attempted hit, by a gunman wearing a Batman mask,[3] occurred at Dante and Luigi's,[4] an Italian restaurant in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[5]

Scarfo is also known by the nicknames "Junior", "Nick Promo", and "Mr. Apple".[6]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Nicky Scarfo, Jr. was born to Nicodemo and Domenica Scarfo. He has an older half-brother, Chris (born in 1957), and a younger brother, Mark (born in 1970).[1] Nicky is the cousin of Phil Leonetti, an admitted former underboss of the Philadelphia crime family.[1]

Nicky Scarfo, Sr. was allegedly banished from Philadelphia to Atlantic City, New Jersey, before Nicky Jr.'s birth. The elder Scarfo had allegedly killed a man in a brawl unrelated to mob business. Then-boss Angelo "Gentle Don" Bruno is said to have exiled him to Atlantic City, which at the time was a dying family beach resort town.[7][8] Nicky Scarfo, Jr. grew up on North Georgia Avenue in the Ducktown section of Atlantic City. His grandmother, Catherine Scarfo, owned the building and lived there. Phil Leonetti also lived in the building, and later roomed with the Scarfos.[1][9] Despite his father's position within the Philadelphia mob, the Scarfos were not wealthy while Nicky was growing up.[1]

Nicky graduated from Holy Spirit High School in Absecon, New Jersey, in 1983.[1] Gambling was legalized in Atlantic City in 1976, and Nicodemo Scarfo, Sr. allegedly became deeply involved in organized crime's infiltration of the casino industry.[8] Among the elder Scarfo's closest associates was Salvatore "Chuckie" Merlino. Scarfo Sr.'s rule over organized crime in Atlantic City has been characterized as one of the most violent and murderous in American history.[8] While Nicky was in high school, his father was brought back to Philadelphia by the mob. In 1980, Scarfo Sr. was named the Philadelphia outfit's consigliere, and in 1981 he was named boss. Only then did the Scarfos begin to live a more lavish lifestyle.[1] By one account, Nicky Scarfo, Jr. was not involved in crime during his teens, and did not intend to become involved in the syndicate. As one classmate noted, "When I knew him, he was a good guy. He was just a regular guy. Everyone knew who his father was, but we never talked about that."[10]

Early years in the Scarfo crime family[edit | edit source]

After graduation, Nicky Scarfo allegedly became involved in organized crime. He became a close friend of Joseph "Skinny Joey" Merlino, the son of Scarfo crime family underboss Chuckie Merlino.[2] However, the relationship with Joey Merlino was to prove inauspicious. Their friendship, which was very close, ruptured in 1988 when Chuckie Merlino was convicted of racketeering and sentenced to 45 years in a federal penitentiary.[2] Merlino was then demoted by the elder Scarfo,[11] and Nicky Scarfo, Jr. allegedly ended his friendship with Joey Merlino at this time.[2] Philadelphia crime family boss Ralph Natale later testified in court that Merlino "hated" Scarfo from this time onward.[12]

In the late 1980s, Nicky Scarfo, Sr. came under increasing legal pressure as the Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted a massive investigation of the Scarfo crime family's operations. Twenty members of Scarfo's organization were imprisoned, and many more came under indictment. Five members of the Philadelphia crime family turned state's evidence against the elder Scarfo, including soldiers Nicholas Caramandi and Eugene Milano, capos Thomas DelGiorno and Lawrence Merlino (Chuckie Merlino's brother), and underboss (and Scarfo relative) Phil Leonetti.[7]

During the trial, Mark Scarfo attempted suicide on November 1, 1988. Mark, then only 17 years old, had been taunted for years by classmates about his father's criminal activities. Increasingly despondent over his father's possible imprisonment, Mark Scarfo hanged himself in the office of his father's concrete supply company in Atlantic City. He was discovered by his mother, and paramedics were able to resuscitate him. He suffered cardiac arrest and his brain was deprived of oxygen. He entered a coma, from which he had yet to emerge as of 2008.[13] On November 4, 1988, just three days after Mark's suicide attempt, Nicky Scarfo, Jr. and a friend assaulted a woman in an elevator at Hahnemann University Hospital in Philadelphia. The woman said the two men had looked menacingly at her, and she pretended to reach for a gun in her coat. The two men then punched her, pushed her to the floor, and kicked her several times. Scarfo was arrested for assault, convicted, fined, and put on probation for the incident.[14]

Nicodemo Scarfo, Sr. was convicted on November 19, 1988, on more than 32 counts of racketeering, which included eight counts of murder, four counts of attempted murder, two counts of illegal distribution of methamphetamine, one count of loansharking, 14 counts of extortion, and one count of illegal gambling.[2][7][15]

Nicky Scarfo, Jr. may have attempted to use his father's conviction as a means of rising within the syndicate. In October 1989, Scarfo Jr. bodyguard George Fresolone turned state's evidence and began wearing a wire.[16] Fresolone taped Scarfo Jr. discussing the death of his cousin, Phil Leonetti, an act which would have allowed him to rise within the Philadelphia criminal organization:

My father says, he says, this one is definitely my responsibility. He can't rest.... I told him, I says, "I ain't resting till it's f-ing done" ... How can I rest? How could I sleep at night?... It's always eating at me, eating at me.[9]

The evidence was later used to help indict Scarfo Jr. on racketeering and conspiracy charges in 1990.[16]

Halloween assassination attempt[edit | edit source]

His father's conviction severely undermined Nicky Scarfo, Jr.'s position in the Philadelphia crime family, as many family members were angry at the elder Scarfo's alleged mismanagement of organized crime enterprises and his arrogance.[2]

On the evening of October 31, 1989, Nicky Scarfo, Jr. was dining at an Italian restaurant in Philadelphia when a man wearing a Batman mask and holding a plastic Halloween candy bag entered the restaurant and approached Scarfo's table. The man pulled a MAC-10 machine pistol from the bag and fired at Scarfo. Scarfo was struck eight times in the neck, arms and torso, but no vital organs were hit.[5][7][17] Scarfo returned home just nine days later.[18]

Theories for the hit took several forms. Initially, law enforcement officials believed that the hit had been ordered by one of the Five Families in New York City in an attempt to take over Philadelphia's organized crime operations.[19] But police later said they suspected Joey Merlino of being the gunman, with Nicky Scarfo, Jr. seen as a proxy for his father—the message being that the elder Scarfo was no longer in control of the Philadelphia crime family.[20][21][22][23][24] Merlino has steadfastly denied any involvement.[2][3] However, Gaetano "Tommy Horsehead" Scafidi would testify in 2001 that Merlino was the gunman and that Merlino second-in-command Michael "Mikey Chang" Ciancaglini drove the getaway car. Scafidi said he was asked to participate in the hit, but refused.[17][20][25][26] This was confirmed by testimony from former Philadelphia crime family boss Ralph Natale, who also turned state's evidence and said that Merlino told him about committing the crime while they served time together in 1990.[12] At least one other mobster testifying on behalf of the government alleged that soldier Pete "Pete the Crumb" Caprio also knew of the hit and attempted to prevent it.[21] Authorities also suspected Charles "Chaz" Iannece of the attempted murder because he delivered a controversial kiss on the cheek to Scarfo shortly before the gunman attacked.[27]

Nicky Scarfo, Jr. became an unimportant player in the Philadelphia mob after the hit. He adopted a very low profile to avoid drawing attention to himself, most likely (police assumed) because he had few allies who would protect him.[23] Scarfo moved to Newark, New Jersey, shortly afterward.[28] George Fresolone was appointed as Scarfo's bodyguard, but Fresolone became an informant and recorded hundreds of hours of conversations with mobsters — including Scarfo.[29] Law enforcement officials alleged that Scarfo Sr. had his son inducted into the Lucchese crime family in New York City in order to protect him from further attempts on his life.[2][24][30] According to a 2007 court affidavit filed by the New Jersey State Organized Crime Control Bureau, Scarfo Jr. was later "made" and elevated to the position of soldier within the Luccese crime family—effectively protecting him from any additional murder attempts.[24]

Post-hit criminal career[edit | edit source]

As a member of the Lucchese crime family, Nicky Scarfo, Jr. became involved in a number of criminal enterprises. In 1990, Nicky Scarfo and Gaetano "Tommy Horsehead" Scafidi were allegedly ordered to beat mobster Martin Angelina because he refused to stop associating with Chuckie Merlino. According to court testimony by Scafidi (who had turned state's evidence by this time), they beat Angelina with aluminum bats to make sure the bats wouldn't break.[11] In August 1990, Scarfo was arrested on federal charges of racketeering and conspiracy to manufacture and distribute illegal video poker machines.[16][31] He pleaded guilty and received a seven year prison sentence in November 1993.[32]

During his imprisonment, Scarfo was placed in "protective isolation" by prison authorities. Government officials claimed to have received information indicating that Scarfo's life was in danger in prison. Thus, they isolated him from the rest of the prison population, permitting him limited exercise and other time out of his cell. Scarfo and his attorneys claimed that no such information existed, and that the involuntary isolation was punishment for Scarfo's other alleged (but unproven) criminal activity. Scarfo sued, and a court ordered him returned to the general prison population in June 1994.[23][33] Based on time already served, he was released in 1996.[3]

Shortly after his release, Scarfo Jr. was indicted on aggravated assault charges and illegal weapons charges in May 1996 after a fight in an Atlantic City bar.[34] He pled guilty, and was sentenced to 18 months in prison and probation.[35]

Mob war, 1993-1995[edit | edit source]

While Nicky Scarfo, Jr. was living in Newark and serving time in prison, his father, Nicky Scarfo, Sr., attempted to run the Philadelphia crime family from his own prison cell.[3][9][23] But the elder Scarfo soon lost control of the syndicate, and in 1991 Giovanni "The Dour Don" Stanfa was named Acting Boss.[36] Joey Merlino challenged Stanfa for control of the outfit in 1993, and a major mob war broke out between Stanfa's old guard (backed by the Gambino crime family) and Merlino's "Young Turks" faction.[37] The Philadelphia mob war lasted nearly three years.[3][36][38][39] On August 5, 1993, Merlino was shot and wounded in an assassination attempt reportedly ordered by Stanfa.[7] However, Merlino's second-in-command, Michael "Mikey Chang" Ciancaglini, was killed. In alleged retaliation, Stanfa's son was shot in the face on August 31 during an attempted hit.[7] Stanfa reportedly ordered Merlino's assassination at least ten more times,[40] but he survived every attempt. Merlino was sent to jail in 1994 for violating his parole.[41]

But Merlino's imprisonment did not hurt his chances of taking over the Philadelphia outfit. According to mobster Ralph Natale, he and Merlino began plotting to take over the Philadelphia crime family while they were cellmates in a federal penitentiary in 1990. Natale named Steven Mazzone, George Borgesi and Martin Angelina (as previously noted, an opponent of Nicky Scarfo, Jr.), all Merlino associates, as co-conspirators in the take-over plan.[11][12] Whether Natale's allegations are true or not, Merlino received Natale's backing even while in prison in 1994. Natale was close to the Genovese crime family, which had taken over part of the Atlantic City operations of the Philadelphia mob after the murder of boss Angelo Bruno in 1980. With the support of Natale and the Genovese crime family, Merlino was able to retain control of his crew and was promised the underboss position if Natale succeeded in displacing Stanfa.[42] But with Merlino in prison, Natale was not able to consolidate his power, and Stanfa stabilized his control of the family in 1994.[43] Stanfa's rule did not last, however: He and 23 other members of the Philadelphia syndicate were indicted on March 17, 1994, on a wide variety of charges, including labor racketeering, extortion, loansharking, murder and conspiracy to commit murder.[44] As Stanfa and most of his regime sat in prison awaiting trial, the Gambino crime family withdrew its support for him and Natale was able to take control of the Philadelphia mob. On November 21, 1995, Stanfa was convicted of all charges and sentenced to five consecutive life sentences.[45]

Merlino was released from prison in 1994, and named Natale's underboss in 1995.[38][41][46] There is some evidence, however, that Merlino was the real boss and Natale was just a figurehead.[7][47]

Natale's reign was not long-lived, either. In the summer of 1999, he was arrested and indicted on a number of federal charges, including murder, attempted murder, extortion, bribery, and drug trafficking. Natale turned state's evidence, and pled guilty in May 2000 to seven murders, four attempted murders, and numerous other charges.[48]

With Natale in prison, Merlino became the boss of the Philadelphia crime family. But in July 2001, Merlino was convicted of racketeering, extortion, illegal gambling and receiving stolen property (although he was acquitted on a number of much more serious charges, such as murder and attempted murder).[36] Joseph "Uncle Joe" Ligambi was named Acting Boss while Merlino served a 10-year prison sentence.[35][36][49]

New mob leadership relationship with Scarfo Jr.[edit | edit source]

The ruptured friendship between Scarfo Jr. and Merlino took on more ominous tones in the late 1990s. Scarfo Jr. had been released from prison in 1997, and largely sat out the Philadelphia mob war. But once Natale was in prison and Merlino was in control of the syndicate, it is alleged that Merlino focused his attention back on Scarfo. One mobster who turned state's evidence testified that in 1999 or 2000, Merlino allegedly sent capo Peter "Pete the Crumb" Caprio and associate Daniel D'Ambrosia to watch Scarfo and gather evidence about his movements so that a hit might be planned.[20] Court testimony later asserted that Caprio also stopped a Merlino-ordered hit on Scarfo while Scarfo served time in a federal prison in Atlanta, Georgia.[21]

In June 2002, Nicky Scarfo, Jr., went to jail again. He had been arrested, convicted, and sentenced to 33 months in federal prison for helping to run a multi-million-dollar illegal gambling and loan sharking operation.[50] Scarfo's wife, Michele,[51] was expecting their first child, and he was permitted to remain free on bail until the child's christening.[2][28][52] He also received three years' probation.[3]

Post-imprisonment activities[edit | edit source]

Nicky Scarfo, Jr. was released from prison on April 6, 2005.[3] The media reported that Scarfo moved to the Jersey Shore after his release and began an effort to take over the Philadelphia crime family again.[24][49][53] In March 2008, he purchased a $715,000 home on Hartford Drive in Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey.[54]

Shortly afterward, federal investigators began tapping Scarfo's phones and put him under surveillance as part of an inquiry into an illegal gambling, extortion, fraud, and labor racketeering operation run by Scarfo's best friend and close mob ally, Andrew Merola.[24][55][56] An Organized Crime Control Bureau affidavit made in 2007 alleges that Scarfo met Merola after moving to New Jersey in the early 1990s.[24] Scarfo later became godfather to Merola's son.[55] The affidavit claims that Scarfo helped manage Merola's illegal gambling operations in 1998 and 1999 after Merola was briefly jailed after being convicted of extortion.[24] Although Scarfo was a "person of interest" in the case, he was never charged; Merola plead guilty and was convicted of several felonies in connection with the case in early 2010.[24][55]

In December 2007, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Scarfo, Jr. had been demoted within the Lucchese crime family in part because of ongoing media coverage of his activities and in part because he intended to start a mob war to regain control of the Philadelphia outfit.[57]

Scarfo and his wife, Michele, divorced in early 2008, whereupon she immediately remarried.[58]

Scarfo also allegedly was involved in the financial takeover FirstPlus Financial Group[59] and the embezzlement of millions of dollars from the company.[60] FirstPlus Financial is a Texas-based mortgage financing company which was very active in the mortgage industry until a financial downturn left it mostly moribund in the late 1990s.[61] The company drew federal attention in 2006 when it suddenly became very active again.[61] On May 8, 2008, the Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted a series of raids on the company, its subsidiaries, several other companies, a number of FirstPlus' corporate officers, and several private citizens.[58][60][62] The financial records of Nicky Scarfo, Jr.; his ex-wife, Michele Scarfo-Winkler; his infant son, Nicodemo Scarfo III; and Salvatore Pelullo (a businessman with convictions for bank and wire fraud) were also seized.[58][60] Law enforcement officials also found two handguns at Scarfo's home; as a convicted felon, Scarfo could be charged with felony unlawful possession of a firearm.[60] Based on the seized documents, federal prosecutors alleged that Scarfo and Pelullo took control of FirstPlus Financial Group in June 2007 and "transferred several million dollars between June 2007 and May 2008 to corporate entities controlled by Pelullo and Scarfo Jr."[61] A later estimate put the amount of stolen money at $4.86 million.[54] Federal prosecutors believe that Scarfo, Pelullo, and FirstPlus Financial officers engaged in bank fraud, mail fraud, wire fraud, interstate transportation of stolen property, and money laundering.[62] They also accused Scarfo of using the bank to make numerous real estate deals, including the purchase of his Egg Harbor Township home.[54] Scarfo's close friend and associate, Andrew Merola, was sentenced in late October 2010 to 10 to 12 years in prison for fraud, extortion, labor racketeering, loan-sharking, and sports betting.[63] Law enforcement authorities revealed that some of the 39,000 wiretapped conversations in the Merola case include discussions of Scarfo's allegedly illegal activities concerning FirstPlus.[63]

Scarfo was indicted on May 14, 2010, on gambling and racketeering charges for his alleged role in what law enforcement authorities claim was a $2 billion international sports-betting operation.[50][64] He was one of 34 purported New York-based Lucchese crime family members or associates named in the indictment announced by the New Jersey Attorney General's Office. Scarfo pled not guilty,[50] and his attorneys called the charges "trumped up", noting that Scarfo had not been arrested when the gambling operation had first been exposed in December 2008.[65] Scarfo was identified in open court as a capo of the Lucchese crime family,[66] and his bail was set at $350,000.[65] Authorities alleged that Scarfo supervised all Lucchese crime family operations in New Jersey.[67] In October 2011, Michael A. Maffucci, one of Scarfo's co-defendants, agreed to plead guilty in the scheme and testify against Scarfo.[6][68]

On October 31, 2011, Scarfo was arrested by the FBI for what the agency said was his role in the attempt to take over and embezzle millions of dollars out of FirstPlus Financial Group. Scarfo's wife, Lisa Murray-Scarfo, was also indicted in the scheme, along with alleged Lucchese mob associate Sal Pelullo and several officials of FirstPlus. Scarfo's father and Victor Amuso were named as unindicted coconspirators.[6] Federal authorities said Scarfo and his associates took $12 million from the loan mortgage company and used the money to buy luxury automobiles, houses, a jet aircraft, jewelry, and a yacht they named "Priceless".[69] U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman said Scarfo used his proceeds to buy a $715,000 home, $25,000 in jewelry for his wife, a $100,000 Audi automobile, and mortgage payments on a home owned by his ex-wife.[70][71] Fishman also alleged that Scarfo and his associates forced FirstPlus to pay $6 million and give 1.6 million shares of stock to Scarfo and Pellulo in exchange for two companies (Globalnet Enterprises and Rutgers Investment Group) that had almost no value.[70] Prosecutors said they had 7,500 recorded telephone conversations[72] in which Scarfo discussed his illegal activities, including one in which he talked about faked documents to hide his involvement and another in which he boasted of a $36,000-a-month consulting contract for which he performed no work.[73] They said Scarfo earned $450,000 from his consulting contract, which ran from June 2007 to April 2008.[70] While Scarfo's wife was allowed to post bail, federal district court judge Robert Kugler refused to allow Nicky Scarfo, Jr. to post bail because he was allegedly a danger to the community[74] Scarfo asserted in court that he was destitute and could not afford an attorney.[69] U.S. District Magistrate Ann Marie Donio appointed public defender Michael E. Riley for him.[75] Scarfo appealed the denial of bail on December 18,[72] but Judge Kugler denied bail again two days later.[76] The FBI placed Scarfo in solitary confinement in the Special Housing Unit at the Federal Detention Center in Philadelphia to protect him from rival mobsters who attempted to kill him in 1989.[73] Judge Kugler urged the government to put Scarfo into the general prison population, per Scarfo's request.[73]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Anastasia, George. "'Nicky Jr.': Where Does the Boss' Son Fit In?" Philadelphia Inquirer. March 10, 1991.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 McGarvey, Brendan. "Sins of the Fathers." Philadelphia City Paper. July 12-18, 2002. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 McGarvey, Brendan. "Nick Out of Time?" Philadelphia City Paper. March 31-April 6, 2005. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  4. Dante and Luigi Web site. The establishment claims to be Philadelphia's oldest Italian restaurant.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Morrison, John F. "Halloween Hit Man Shoots Scarfo Jr." Philadelphia Daily News. November 1, 1989.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Esposito, Richard and Schone, Mark. "'Little Nicky' Scarfo's Son Busted In Jersey." ABC News. November 1, 2011. Accessed 2012-03-31.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Anastasia, George. The Last Gangster. Paperback ed. New York: Avon Books, 2005. ISBN 0-06-054423-6
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Novak. M. "The Fat Lady Sings." Philadelphia City Paper. November 29–December 6, 2001. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Anastasia, George. "Mob Trial Hears Scarfo Jr., On Tape, Psyching For A Hit." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 4, 1994.
  10. Quoted in Anastasia, George. "'Nicky Jr.': Where Does the Boss' Son Fit In?" Philadelphia Inquirer. March 10, 1991.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Caparella, Kitty. "Recalling A Bloody Hit." Philadelphia Daily News. April 24, 2001.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Anastasia, George. "Mob Boss Natale Tells of 'Descent Into Hell'." Philadelphia Inquirer. March 31, 2001.
  13. Sheehan, Kathy. "Scarfo's Son 'Put Through Hell'." Philadelphia Daily News. November 3, 1988; Locy, Toni. "Scarfo Son in Coma After Apparent Suicide Try." Philadelphia Daily News. November 2, 1988; "Son's Hanging Halts Alleged Mob Chief's Trial." Associated Press. November 2, 1988.
  14. Caba, Susan. "Scarfo Jr. Gets Probation and Fine for Conviction in Hospital Beating." Philadelphia Inquirer. June 13, 1990; Caparella, Kitty. "Scarfo Jr. Guilty in Beating Case." Philadelphia Daily News. June 13, 1990.
  15. United States v. Scarfo, 711 F. Supp. 1315 (E.D.Pa. 1989); Strauss, Robert. "Reputed Mob Leader and 16 Others Are Convicted." New York Times. November 20, 1988.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Barry, Jim. "Trouble With a Capital N." Philadelphia City Paper. April 19–26, 2001. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Anastasia, George. "Scafidi Details Mob Hits, Attempts." Philadelphia Inquirer. April 25, 2001.
  18. Caba, Susan and Terry, Robert J. "Scarfo's Condition Upgraded." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 8, 1989; Terry, Robert J. and Coakley, Michael B. "Scarfo Zips Home From Hospital, Police In Tow." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 9, 1989.
  19. Anastasia, George. "Authories: Hit Was Ordered in N.Y." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 1, 1989; "Scarfo Assault Theories." San Jose Mercury News. November 2, 1989.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Caparella, Kitty and Smith, Jim. "Body of Evidence Against Mob Grows." Philadelphia Daily News. March 22, 2001.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Caparella, Kitty. "Coming Soon: Mob's Secrets." Philadelphia Daily News. June 6, 2001.
  22. Anastasia, George. "Questions Abound After Scarfo Shooting." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 5, 1989; McGuire, Jack and Heine, Kurt. "Scarfo Hit Was Anything But Smooth." Philadelphia Daily News. November 9, 1989; "What's In A Hit? Seeking Meaning in Young Scarfo's Misfortune." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 10, 1989.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Anastasia, George. "In Prison, Scarfo Jr. Fumes In Isolation." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 15, 1994.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7 Anastasia, George. "Scarfo Pal's Conviction Offers Glimpse Into Mob." Philadelphia Inquirer. January 11, 2010.
  25. Cipriano, Ralph. "Straight From the Horsehead's Mouth." Philadelphia Weekly. June 7, 2006. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  26. Rubinkam, Michael. "Mobster Testifies Against Merlino, Six Others." Associated Press. April 24, 2001.
  27. "Chaz" Iannece is the son of jailed mob soldato Charles "Charlie White" Iannece. The younger Iannece is allegedly a hitman and extortionist, and deeply involved in the distribution of methamphetamine for the Scarfo crime family in the 1980s. See: DiFilippo, Dana. "Giant Meth Ring Busted." Philadelphia Daily News. September 20, 2008.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Smith, Jim. "Scarfo Jr. Jailed for Bookmaking." Philadelphia Daily News. June 29, 2002.
  29. Fresolone, George and Wagman, Robert J. Blood Oath: The Heroic Story of a Gangster Turned Government Agent Who Brought Down One of America's Most Powerful Mob Families. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. ISBN 0-671-77905-2
  30. At least one source says that Scarfo Jr. was inducted into the Gambino crime family, not the Lucchese. See: Smith, Jim. "Scarfo Jr. Jailed for Bookmaking." Philadelphia Daily News. June 29, 2002.
  31. LeDuc, Daniel and Anastasia, George. "Mobster-Information Leads to Arrests of Nicodemo Scarfo, Jr., 28 Others." Philadelphia Inquirer. August 22, 1990; Anastasia, George. "Informant Tells of Huge Payoffs From Mob's Illegal Video Machines." Philadelphia Inquirer. January 25, 1991; Anastasia, George. "Informant: The Mob Gets Down to Business." Philadelphia Inquirer. January 27, 1991.
  32. Anastasia, George. "Scarfo's Son Sentences to 7 Years." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 20, 1993; Daughen, Joseph R. "7 Years for Young Scarfo." Philadelphia Daily News. November 20, 1993; Burney, Melanie. "Nicky Jr. Admits Gambling Role." Associated Press. September 9, 1993.
  33. Anastasia, George. "State Is Ordered to Review Scarfo Jr.'s Custody In Prison." Philadelphia Inquirer. June 2, 1994; Anastasia, George. "Nicky Scarfo Jr. Gets Out of Prison Isolation." Philadelphia Inquirer. June 28, 1994.
  34. Anastasia, George. "Nicky Scarfo Jr. Is Indicted In Assault At Atlantic City Bar." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 24, 1996.
  35. 35.0 35.1 "Scarfo's Son Pleads Guilty to Weapons Charge." Philadelphia Inquirer. January 7, 1997.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 "7 Reputed Mafia Figures Are Acquitted of Murder." New York Times. July 21, 2001.
  37. "Two Men Ambushed In Philadelphia's Growing Mob War." Washington Post. September 17, 1993.
  38. 38.0 38.1 Rubinkam, Michael. "Facing Life In Prison, A Mob Boss Turns Informant." Associated Press. April 5, 2001; Rubinkam, Michael. "Jury In Philly Mob Trial Acquits Merlino, Co-Defendants On Most Serious Counts." Associated Press. July 21, 2001.
  39. Anastasia, George. "Lesson of Stanfa Conviction Lost on Local Wiseguys, Authorities Say." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 25, 1996; Anastasia, George. "The Phila. Mob Broken By Loss of Tradition on Eve of Trial." Philadelphia Inquirer. September 17, 1995; Anastasia, George. "A Trial's Tale of Mob Hits—And Misses." Philadelphia Inquirer. September 28, 1995.
  40. Kocieniewski, David. "Decline and Fall of an Empire." New York Times. January 17, 1999.
  41. 41.0 41.1 Anastasia, George. "Merlino Posed to Play 'Big Part'." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 13, 1994.
  42. McDonald, Mark. "'Hood Edgy Over Hood." Philadelphia Daily News. November 14, 1994.
  43. Anastasia, George. "New Mob Turns to Revenge By Proxy." Philadelphia Inquirer. October 8, 1995.
  44. Hinds, Michael Decourcy. "F.B.I. Arrests Reputed Leader of Philadelphia Mob and 23 Others." New York Times. March 18, 1994.
  45. Raab, Selwyn. "Jury Convicts Philadelphia's Mob Leader." New York Times. November 22, 1995.
  46. Anastasia, George. "Taking Care of Family Business." Philadelphia Inquirer. March 27, 1994.
  47. Pistone, Joseph D. and Brandt, Charles. Unfinished Business: Shocking Declassified Details from the FBI's Greatest Undercover Operation and a Bloody Timeline of the Fall of the Mafia. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers, 2007. ISBN 0-7624-2707-9
  48. "Mob Boss Pleads Guilty For His Entire Career." New York Times. May 6, 2000.
  49. 49.0 49.1 "Insider: Scarfo Jr. Looking to Head Phila. Mob." South Jersey News. August 10, 2007. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 Porter, David. "NY, NJ Crack Down on Alleged Mob Gambling Rings." Associated Press. June 28, 2010.
  51. The couple married in early 2001. See: Schwartz, John. "Compressed Data: Password Protection With Prison Stripes." New York Times. August 6, 2001.
  52. "Son of Jailed New Jersey Gangster Is Sentenced for Illegal Gambling Operation." Associated Press. June 28, 2002; Anastasia, George. "Scarfo Jailed for 33 Months." Philadelphia Inquirer. June 29, 2002.
  53. "Scarfo's Son Nestles In At the Shore." Philadelphia Inquirer. August 8, 2007. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  54. 54.0 54.1 54.2 Anastasia, George. "Nearly $5 Million Mob-Linked Fraud Cited." Philadelphia Inquirer. August 30, 2009.
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 McCabe, Virginia. "Mafioso Andrew Merola Pleads Guilty to Federal Charges in N.J." The Washington Examiner. January 5, 2010.
  56. Anastasia, George. "Reputed N. Jersey Crime Boss Merola Pleads Guilty." Philadelphia Inquirer. January 6, 2010.
  57. Anastasia, George. "Probe's Detailed View of Mob Life." Philadelphia Inquirer. December 24, 2007. Accessed April 12, 2008.
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 Schaffer, Regina. "FBI Searches Scarfo's Egg Harbor Township Home." The Press of Atlantic City. May 10, 2008; Anastasia, George. "FBI Sweep Targets Scarfo." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 9, 2008.
  59. FirstPlus Financial Group, Inc., Web site.
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.3 Anastasia, George. "State Senator's Aide Quits Board of Firm in Mob Probe." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 21, 2008.
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 Anastasia, George. "Mob Associate Daidone Ordered Back to Prison." Philadelphia Inquirer. September 17, 2008.
  62. 62.0 62.1 Anastasia, George. "Ex-FirstPlus CEO Assails U.S. Law Agencies." Philadelphia Inquirer. April 11, 2009.
  63. 63.0 63.1 Anastasia, George. "Reputed Mob Leader Facing 10 to 12 Years." Philadelphia Inquirer. October 26, 2010.
  64. Anastasia, George and Newall, Mike. "Scarfo Son, 33 Others Face Racketeering Charges." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 15, 2010.
  65. 65.0 65.1 Anastasia, George. "Scarfo's Bail Set at $350,000 in Betting Operation." Philadelphia Inquirer. May 19, 2010.
  66. "Man Accused of Masterminding Overseas Wire Room for Southern New Jersey Mob Operation Makes First Court Appearance." Press of Atlantic City. May 29, 2010.
  67. Lockwood, Jim. "32 Deny Role in Racketeering." Newark Star-Ledger. June 29, 2010.
  68. "Cedar Grove Man Pleads Guility in Lucchese Crime Family Gambling Ring Case." Verona-Cedar Grove Times. October 14, 2011. Accessed 2012-03-31.
  69. 69.0 69.1 Bender, William. "The Nick of Time: Scarfo Jr. Indicted - Again." Philadelphia News. November 2, 2011. Accessed 2012-03-31.
  70. 70.0 70.1 70.2 Mast, George and Walsh, Jim. "Scarfo Son Indicted." Cherry Hill Courier-Post. November 2, 2011.
  71. Case, Brendan and Trahan, Jason. "Mob Ties in Irving Takeover Alleged." Dallas Morning News. November 3, 2011; Anastasia, George. "Alleged Takeover at FirstPlus Financial Resembled a Mob 'Bust Out'." Philadelphia Inquirer. November 7, 2011.
  72. 72.0 72.1 Anastasia, George. "Scarfo Will Plead for Bail Before Federal Judge." Philadelphia Inquirer. December 19, 2011.
  73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 Anastasia, George. "Judge Denies Bail for Nicodemo S. Scarfo." Philadelphia Inquirer. December 20, 2011. Accessed 2012-03-31.
  74. "Son of Philadelphia Mob Boss to Remain In Jail." Associated Press. December 19, 2011. Accessed 2012-03-31.
  75. "Reputed Mobster Scarfo Denied Bail in Fraud Case." Associated Press. November 4, 2011.
  76. "Bail Denied for Son of Mob Boss." United Press International. December 20, 2011.

Additional reading[edit | edit source]

  • Anastasia, George. Blood and Honor: Inside the Scarfo Mob—The Mafia's Most Violent Family. Philadelphia: Camino Books, 2003. ISBN 0-940159-86-4

External links[edit | edit source]

  • "Nicky Scarfo, Jr." - An episode of Mob Scene with reporter George Anastasia, April 28, 2009 (hosted by that examines the attempted murder of Scarfo and his subsequent activities.

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