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|Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov|
|File:Kuznetsov nik ivan.gif|
July 27, 1911 |
March 9, 1944 (aged 32) |
|Years of service||1938-1944|
|Awards||Template:Hero of the Soviet Union Template:Order of Lenin|
Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov (Template:Lang-ru) (July 27, 1911–March 9, 1944) was a Soviet intelligence agent and partisan who operated in Nazi-occupied Ukraine during World War II. He used several pseudonyms during his intelligence operations: e.g. Rudolf Schmidt, Nikolai Vasilevitsh Grachev (Николай Васильевич Грачёв) and Oberleutenant Paul Siebert.
He was born into a peasant family in the Yekaterinburg region. He studied forestry in a technical school and, after discovering his linguistic talents, learned German, Esperanto, Polish and Ukrainian. In 1932 he enrolled into Sverdlovsk Industrial Institute and continued to study German and other foreign languages.
In 1938, Kuznetsov moved to Moscow and joined the NKVD. When Operation Barbarossa started, Kuznetsov, at his own request, was sent to join Soviet partisan units in the Nazi-occupied Ukraine. In 1942, he fought as a member of guerrilla group "Victors", led by Dmitry Medvedev, in central and western Ukraine. He was in charge of several complex operations involving assassinations and kidnappings of high-ranking Nazi officials in the Rivne and Lviv regions, such as successful operations against the German-appointed chief judge of Ukraine, the vice-governor of Galicia, the imperial adviser to the Reichskommissar of Ukraine, three German generals and others. Kuznetsov was also the first intelligence agent to uncover German plans to launch a massive tank attack in the Kursk region, information about German V-2 rockets, as well as about Operation Long Jump, Hitler's plan to assassinate the heads of the USSR, USA and Great Britain during the Tehran Conference. Kuznetsov was acting in Rivne (the capital of a fascist state in Ukraine) under the fake German identity of Oberleutenant Paul Siebert. It was Kuznetsov who obtained information about the location of Hitler's headquarters "Wehrwolf" near the city of Vinnitsya.
On March 9, 1944, he was killed in a firefight with members of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army near the city of Lviv, who had mistaken Kuznetsov for a German deserter since he was wearing a Wehrmacht uniform. There is also a possibility that the Ukrainians were on the Germans' side and were causing a road blockade.
Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov has been posthumously awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union. A minor planet 2233 Kuznetsov discovered in 1972 by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova is named after him.
Films about Kuznetsov[edit | edit source]
- Strong with Spirit («Сильные духом»)
- Special Operations Squad («Отряд специального назначения»)
- Genius of the intelligence («Гений разведки»)
References[edit | edit source]
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 181. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. http://books.google.com/books?q=2222+Lermontov+ST1.
ca:Nikolai Ivànovitx Kuznetsov de:Nikolai Iwanowitsch Kusnezow es:Nikolái Ivánovich Kuznetsov fr:Nikolaï Ivanovitch Kouznetsov hr:Nikolaj Kuznjecov he:ניקולאי איבנוביץ' קוזנצוב kv:Кузнецов Николай Иванович ja:ニコライ・クズネツォフ (スパイ) pl:Nikołaj Kuzniecow (agent) ru:Кузнецов, Николай Иванович (разведчик) sr:Николај Кузњецов (агент) sh:Nikolaj Kuznjecov fi:Nikolai Ivanovitš Kuznetsov uk:Кузнецов Микола Іванович (розвідник)