File:Nikolai Patrushev.jpg

Nikolai Patrushev in January 2008.

Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev (Template:Lang-ru) (born 11 July 1951) is a Russian political and security figure. He was Director of the Russian FSB, the successor organization to the KGB, from 1999 to 2008, and he has been Secretary of the Security Council of Russia since 2008.

Career[edit | edit source]

Patrushev was born in Leningrad and graduated from Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute in 1974, where he worked as an engineer at his department. He joined the KGB in 1975.

KGB[edit | edit source]

In 1974—1975 he attended the Higher Courses of the KGB with the USSR Council of Ministers in Minsk.

In 1975 he began to work at the counter-intelligence section of the KGB regional directorate for the Leningrad region; ended up being chief of the service for combatting contraband and corruption.

Upon finishing a year-long refresher courses at the Higher School of the KGB (now the FSB Academy), in June 1992, he was appointed Minister of State Security of Karelia which post he held until 1994.

FSK/FSB[edit | edit source]

In 1994, under Sergei Stepashin as Director of the FSK, he was appointed chief of the FSK Directorate of Internal Security. According to Yuri Felshtinsky, the transfer saved him from the ongoing human trafficking investigation in Karelia.[citation needed]

After Stepashin's resignation on 30 June 1995, Patrushev got a senior post of deputy chief of the Organisation and Inspection Department of the FSB.

In May - August 1998 he was chief of the Control Directorate of the Presidential Staff; in August - October he was Deputy Chief of the Presidential Staff; in October 1998 he was appointed Deputy Director of the FSB and chief of the Directorate for Economic Security.

In April - August 1999 he was First Deputy Director of the FSB.

He was appointed Director of the FSB on 9 August 1999 by Boris Yeltsin's decree, replacing Vladimir Putin.

Patrushev holds the rank of General of the Army and a PhD in law. Nikolai Patrushev has been the recipient of numerous national awards: the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, Honor of the Military Merits and 7 other medals.

In January 2007, Patrushev joined the expedition of polar explorer Arthur Chilingarov, that flew on two helicopters to Antarctica and visited South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.[1]

Honours and awards[edit | edit source]


State awards
Russian regions
Foreign Awards
  • Order of the Cross, 1st class (Armenia, 2003)
  • Medal of Honour (Belarus, 2001)
  • Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 3rd class (Ukraine, 23 May 2001) - for his contribution in the development of cooperation between the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and the Security Service of Ukraine in the fight against international terrorism, organized crime and drug trafficking
Religious Awards

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Incumbent succession box
Government offices
Preceded by
Head of the Internal Security Department of FSB
1994 - 31 May 1998
Succeeded by
Viktor Ivanov
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Chief of the Control Directorate of the Russian presidential administration
31 May 1998 – October 1998
Succeeded by
Yevgeny Lisov
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Director of FSB
9 August 1999 – 12 May 2008
Succeeded by
Alexander Bortnikov

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