Paul Dukes
The Man with a Hundred Faces
File:Paul Dukes 01.jpg
Allegiance United Kingdom 20px
White Movement
Service SIS/MI6.
Operation(s) Operation Kronstadt
Award(s) KBE
Codename(s) ST-25

Birth name Paul Henry Dukes
Born 10 February 1889
Died 27 August 1967
Nationality Template:ENG
Parents Rev. Edwin J. Dukes, Edith M. Dukes (née Pope)
Alma mater Caterham School

Sir Paul Dukes KBE (1889–1967) was a British author and MI6 officer.

Early life[edit | edit source]

Born Paul Henry Dukes on 10 February 1889 in Bridgwater, Somerset, England, the son of a Congregationalist clergyman, Rev. Edwin J. Dukes, and his wife, the former Edith M. Pope. He was educated at Caterham School in England, and Petrograd Conservatoire in Russia.

Career[edit | edit source]

As a young man he took a position as a language teacher in Riga, Latvia. He later moved to St. Petersburg, where he was a secret agent in Imperial Russia. During this time he worked at the Petrograd Conservatoire as a concert pianist and deputy conductor to Albert Coates. He set up elaborate plans to help prominent White Russians escape from Soviet prisons and smuggled hundreds of them into Finland.

Known as the "Man of a Hundred Faces," Dukes continued his use of disguises, which aided him in assuming a number of identities and gained him access to numerous Bolshevik organizations. He successfully infiltrated the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the Comintern, and the political police, or CHEKA. Dukes also learned of the inner workings of the Politburo, and passed the information to British intelligence.

He returned to Britain a distinguished hero, and in 1920 was knighted by King George V, who called Dukes the "greatest of all soldiers." To this day, Dukes is the only person knighted based entirely on his exploits in espionage. He briefly returned to service in 1939, helping to locate a prominent Czech businessman who disappeared after the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia. He was also a leading figure in introducing yoga to the Western World.

Writing[edit | edit source]

His book Red Dusk and the Morrow chronicles the rise and fall of Bolshevism and he toured the world extensively giving lectures pertaining to this subject.

Personal life[edit | edit source]

Duke was married first to Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherford, former wife of Ogden Livingston Mills,[1] and then to Diana Fitzgerald.

Death[edit | edit source]

He died on 27 August 1967 in Cape Town, South Africa, aged 78.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Operation Kronstadt by Harry Ferguson, Hutchison, 2008
  1. "Mrs. M. S. Rutherfurd Wed To F. L. Sprague", The New York Times (New York City), 27 November 1939, . Margaret was the daughter of Anne Harriman, the second wife of William Kissam Vanderbilt, and her second husband, Lewis Morris Rutherfurd, son of the astronomer Lewis Morris Rutherfurd. After divorcing Dukes, Margaret Rutherfurd successively married Charles Michel Joachim Napoléon, Prince Murat, and Frederick Leybourne Sprague.

fr:Paul Dukes

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