Richard Skeffington Welch (December 14, 1929 – December 23, 1975), a Harvard-educated classicist, was a CIA Station Chief (COS) killed by the Marxist organization Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N).
Early life and CIA career[edit | edit source]
Welch was born in Hartford, Connecticut. Welch was recruited to the CIA in 1951 upon graduation from Harvard. His first assignment as a case officer was in Athens working as a civilian employee of the U.S. Department of the Army (1952-59). From 1960-64 he served in Cyprus, and then in Guatemala (1965-67), Guyana as COS (1967-69), and Peru as COS (1972-75).
He arrived in Athens, Greece in July 1975, at a time when Greece had just come out a tumultuous period of military dictatorship. Welch stayed in the house occupied by several of his predecessors as chief of the CIA station. Five men in a stolen Simca followed him home as he returned from a Christmas party the night of 23 December 1975. While two men covered his wife and driver, a third shot him dead with a .45 Colt M1911 pistol at close range. Welch's name and address had been published in the Athens News and Eleftherotypia in November 1975. However, a communiqué sent by 17N to French newspaper Libération in March 1976 demonstrated that the group had been watching Welch's movements since the summer of 1975. He had previously been revealed as a CIA agent in an East German book and a magazine called CounterSpy.
Legacy and aftermath[edit | edit source]
Welch was the first CIA officer to be murdered in a terrorist attack. By Presidential Order of U.S. President Gerald Ford, Welch was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. His death helped turn the political tide back in favor of the CIA after the damning revelations by the Church Committee earlier in 1975.
Welch's murder contributed to passage of the Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982, making it illegal to reveal the name of an agent who has a covert relationship with an American intelligence organization.
In July 2002, a hospital employee named Pavlos Serifis (born 1956) confessed that he had participated in Welch's murder along with 17N's alleged mastermind Alexandros D. Giotopoulos (born 1944), Pavlos's uncle Ioannis Serifis (born 1938), and a tall, blonde "Anna." That confession, however, contained factual errors. A code name "Vangelis" assigned to him by police after study of 17N's financial notebooks seems to have been incorrect.
Charges for the Welch murder were not brought because the 20-year statute of limitations had expired. Giotopoulos was sentenced to multiple life terms in 2003 as the moral instigator of a string of assassinations, bombings, rocket attacks, and bank robberies from 1983-2000. Ioannis Serifis was acquitted. Pavlos Serifis was convicted of membership in a terrorist group but released on health grounds. An appeals court ruled in 2007 that the statute of limitations had expired for that crime.
In fiction[edit | edit source]
A fictionalized version of Welch appears as a recurring character in the shared world anthology series Heroes in Hell, edited by Janet Morris. Welch works for one of Satan's various intelligence agencies, interacting with the likes of Julius Caesar and taking fellow agent Tamara Bunke as his lover.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Metapolitefsi, the period of Greek History during which Welch was murdered.
References[edit | edit source]
- John Brady Kiesling, Deadly November (forthcoming 2010 book on 17N) 
- Greek Court Convicts 15 in 27-Year-Old Terror Group, New York Times, December 9, 2003.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Arlington Cemetery
- Greek Assassins Arrested, Association of Former Intelligence Officers, Weekly Intelligence Notes #31-02 5 August 2002.
- Dirty Work: The CIA in Western Europe, by Philip Agee and Louis Wolf
- W. Thomas Smith - Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency