Ricky McCormick's encrypted notes are two hand-written documents found in the pockets of murder victim Ricky McCormick when his body was discovered in a field in St. Charles County, Missouri, on June 30, 1999. Attempts by the FBI's Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit (CRRU) and the American Cryptogram Association failed to decipher the meanings of those two coded notes, which are listed as one of the CRRU’s top unsolved cases. On March 29, 2011, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation issued an appeal for help from the public in obtaining the meaning of the messages. A few days later, they updated their website to note the "outpouring of responses", and established a separate page where the public can offer comments and theories.
Murder[edit | edit source]
Victim[edit | edit source]
Ricky McCormick was a high school dropout who had held multiple addresses in the Missouri/Illinois region in St. Louis, Belleville, and Fairview Heights, sometimes living off and on with his elderly mother. According to a 1999 article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, McCormick suffered from chronic heart and lung problems. He was not married, but had fathered at least four children. He had a criminal record, and had previously served 11 months of a three-year sentence for statutory rape. At the time of his death, he was 41 years old, unemployed, and on disability.
Discovery of body[edit | edit source]
His body was found in a cornfield in St. Charles County on June 30, 1999, by someone driving along a field road near Highway 367, near West Alton, Missouri. The reason for him being 15 miles from his current address is another mystery, as McCormick did not own a car, and the area is not served by public transportation. The body had already decomposed somewhat, and no official cause of death was ever determined, though an identification was obtained via the body's fingerprints. The death was not labeled a homicide, there was no indication that anyone had a motive to kill McCormick, and no one had reported him missing. The last place that McCormick had been seen alive was five days earlier, on June 25, 1999, at the St. Louis Forest Park Hospital, where he was getting a checkup.
Description[edit | edit source]
News stories in 1999 did not mention anything about cipher messages, which were not announced until 12 years later when the FBI listed the death as a murder, and posted a notice for help on the main page of their website. Investigators believe the notes in McCormick’s pants pockets were written up to three days before his death.
The two notes are written in an unknown code consisting of "a jumble of letters and numbers occasionally set off with parentheses" and are believed by the FBI to possibly lead to those responsible for the killing. Dan Olson, chief of the F.B.I.’s Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit, said, illustrating the significance of the notes, "Breaking the code could reveal the victim’s whereabouts before his death and could lead to the solution of a homicide.” Attempts by both the FBI's Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit (CRRU) and the American Cryptogram Association failed to decipher their meaning, and Ricky McCormick’s encrypted notes are currently listed as one of CRRU’s top unsolved cases, with McCormick's killer yet to be identified. According to members of McCormick's family, McCormick had used encrypted notes since he was a boy, but apparently no one in his family knows how to decipher the codes, either.
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The FBI has had so many responses with suggestions for the cipher, that they later requested helpers do not call by phone or use email. An FBI news release has stated, "This story has generated an outpouring of responses. To accommodate the continuing interest in this case, we have established a page  where the public can offer their comments and theories about the coded messages."
Criticism[edit | edit source]
In a 2012 interview by the Riverfront Times (June 14-20, Vol. 36, #24, pp. 8-15) McCormick's "family members say they never knew of Ricky to write in code. They say they only told investigators he sometimes jotted down nonsense he called writing, and they seriously question McCormick's capacity to craft the notes found in his pockets." His mother, Frankie Sparks, said "The only thing he could write was his name. ... He didn't write in no code." His father, Charles McCormick, said Ricky "couldn't spell anything, just scribble." It was also noted that although other contents of the victim's pockets were revealed to the family members, they knew nothing about the notes "until the local evening news broadcast a report on the codes" twelve years later.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "FBI can't crack the code in this murder case — can you?". KMBC-TV, MSNBC. March 30, 2011. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/42348642/ns/technology_and_science-security/. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- FBI — Cryptanalysts: Help Break the Code
- "Cryptanalysts, Part 2: Help Solve an Open Murder Case". Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justice. March 29, 2011. http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2011/march/cryptanalysis_032911. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Martinez, Edecio (March 30, 2011). "FBI seeks public's help cracking cryptic notes in 1999 murder victim's pocket". Crimesider, CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20048715-504083.html. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Williams, Timothy (March 31, 2011). "F.B.I. Seeks Help Cracking Code in Victim’s Notes". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/01/us/01code.html?scp=1&sq=ricky%20mccormick&st=cse. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Staff (July 6, 1999). "Major Case Squad finds no evidence of a crime". St. Louis Post Dispatch. http://www.stltoday.com/news/article_bcc02074-5b1a-11e0-b199-0017a4a78c22.html. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
- Anthony, Shane (July 2, 1999). "Body found in field puzzles police". St. Louis Post Dispatch. http://www.stltoday.com/news/article_bcc02074-5b1a-11e0-b199-0017a4a78c22.html. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
- Tweedie, Neil (April 7, 2011). "Calling all codebreakers...". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/8432893/Calling-all-codebreakers....html. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- "Calling all code-breakers! FBI asks for help in solving murder of man who had mysterious encrypted notes in his pocket". The Daily Mail. March 30, 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1371604/FBI-asks-code-breakers-help-solving-murder-Ricky-McCormick.html. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Dykes, Brett Michael (March 29, 2011). "FBI asks public for help breaking encrypted notes tied to 1999 murder". Yahoo News. http://news.yahoo.com/s/yblog_thelookout/20110329/ts_yblog_thelookout/fbi-asks-public-for-help-breaking-encrypted-notes-tied-to-1999-murder. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Joshua Rhett Mille (March 31, 2011). "FBI Flooded With Tips on Encrypted Notes From 1999 Murder Mystery". foxnews.com. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/03/31/fbi-inundated-tips-encrypted-notes-1-murder-mystery/.
- "Stories: Update". FBI. March 29, 2011. http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2011/march/cryptanalysis_032911/cryptanalysis_032911. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
[edit | edit source]
- "Original FBI story". Federal Bureau of Investigation. March 2011. http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2011/march/cryptanalysis_032911. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Jaco, Charles (March 30, 2011). "Cracking code could help solve St. Charles murder case". KPLR-TV. http://www.kplr11.com/news/ktvi-cracking-code-could-help-solve-st-charles-murder-case-20110330,0,7253504.story. Retrieved April 1, 2011. Local news video showing a photo of McCormick, and footage of police at the scene where the body was found
- Tritto, Christopher (June 14, 2012). "Code Dead: Do the encrypted writings of Ricky McCormick hold the key to his mysterious death?". Riverfront Times. http://www.riverfronttimes.com/2012-06-14/news/ricky-mccormick-code-mysterious-death-st-louis/. Retrieved June 13, 2012.