Template:Infobox Government agencyTemplate:Chinese The Security and Intelligence Division (Abbreviation: SID) is an external intelligence agency of the Ministry of Defence of Singapore responsible for gathering and analysing intelligence related to the external security of Singapore. It is highly secretive as most of its personnel are known only to the high-ranking government and military officials.[1]

Most of its agents, recruited from civil service and some with military experience, work in branches of the government and in civilian organizations with relations to the government as fronts for their cover such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence, Singapore Airlines and the Singapore Tourism Board.[1] A Director is in charge of the SID,[2] who holds a Permanent Secretary-equivalent rank and reports directly to the Minister of Defence and the Prime Minister.[3]Template:DubiousThere was also a post of Deputy Director, once held by Lim Chye Heng, although it is not known whether this position still exists.[4]

History[edit | edit source]

The Security and Intelligence Division shares a similar background to its domestic counterpart, the Internal Security Department. The primary intelligence organ since the colonial era was the Malaysian Special Branch. With the independence of Singapore, the Ministry of Interior and Defence was directed to reorganize and consolidate all intelligence capabilities in January 1966. SID was subsequently established in February 1966 with Mr Tay Seow Huah being appointed as its first Director.[citation needed] Tim Huxley also wrote a short history of the SID in his book Defending the Lion City.[5]

In 1974, Director Nathan led a negotiation team to help resolve the Laju hostage crisis. He later became the President of Singapore.[6]

Activities[edit | edit source]

A highly secretive organisation unlike America's Central Intelligence Agency, information regarding its work is only released occasionally to the local media. For example, reporter Yap Chuin Wei interviewed an ex-official who stated that SID's role's were: Collection of Information, Analysis of Information, and Informal Diplomacy. SID was featured in Mr. Lee Kuan Yew's book, From Third World to First, where they played a part in providing weapons to anti-communist forces in Cambodia in the 1970s. It also played a role in the rebuilding of relations with Indonesia. SID officers hardly get public awards due to the nature of their work. Instead they are awarded a set of secret awards equivalent to National Day awards.[7]

Recent Events[edit | edit source]

Both the SID and its internal counterpart, the Internal Security Department were recently tasked to coordinate efforts to combat terrorism. They previously worked independently of each other.[8]

Directors[edit | edit source]

From To Name
February 1966 1971 Tay Seow Huah[9] (or Tan Boon Seng)[10]
1971 1979 Sellapan Ramanathan (S.R. Nathan)
1979 1994 Eddie Teo (张赞成)[Note 1][11][12]
1994 14 March 2005 BG (NS) Choi Shing Kwok (蔡承国)[13][14][15][16]
15 March 2005 02 September 2010[17] BG (NS) Chee Wee Kiong
unknown (possibly the same day BG Chee stood down)[note 1][18] MG (NS) Ng Chee Khern[19][20]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "SOC Listing Of Foreign Intelligence Services". http://www.specialoperations.com/Intelligence/foreign.html. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  2. "MINDEF / SAF Terminology". Singaporean Ministry of Defence. http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/resources/terminology/term16.html. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  3. "Present At The Creation". Defence Science Organisation. http://www.dso.org.sg/home/publications/comm/3-Creation.pdf. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  4. http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article.aspx?articleid=straitstimes19750104.2.47&sessionid=d18ac3e2448445bd913cb5672599008b&keyword=%22security+and+intelligence+division%22&lang=en&token=and%2csecurity%2cdivision%2cintelligence
  5. Huxley, Tim, 2000, Defending the Lion City: The Armed Forces of Singapore, Sydney: Allen &Unwin, pp.89-90
  6. 1974 - The Laju Incident - Ong Kian Seng, Ministry of Defence, 7 January 2002
  7. Yap, Chuin Wei, Examining the world's second-oldest profession, The Straits Times (Singapore), May 19 2001
  8. http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article.aspx?articleid=today20040721-1.2.10.3&sessionid=c5264d400b1b4aa9917969dd35e417c3&keyword=%22security+and+intelligence+division%22&lang=en&token=and%2csecurity%2cdivision%2cintelligence
  9. http://www.rsis.edu.sg/teaching/Msc_medals.html
  10. http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article.aspx?articleid=straitstimes19710806.2.58&sessionid=43cddf711ddc48b58798f5d779ce79aa&keyword=%22Security+and+Intelligence+Division%22&lang=en&token=and%2csecurity%2cdivision%2cintelligence
  11. Michael Backman (31 May 2006). "Downsides devalue Singapore Inc". Melbourne: The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/business/downsides-devalue-singapore-inc/2006/05/30/1148956345908.html?page=fullpage. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  12. http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article.aspx?articleid=straitstimes19860704.2.7&sessionid=d18ac3e2448445bd913cb5672599008b&keyword=%22security+and+intelligence+division%22&lang=en&token=and%2csecurity%2cdivision%2cintelligence
  13. MAS to get new managing director; Heng Swee Keat taking over from Koh Yong Guan in leadership renewal, The Straits Times, 22 February 2005
  14. Defence chief heads list of 653 officers to be promoted, The Straits Times, 28 June, 1996
  15. Achievers in many fields, The Straits Times, 9 August, 2000
  16. Examining the world's second-oldest profession, The Straits Times, May 19 2001
  17. http://app.mfa.gov.sg/2006/lowres/press/view_press.asp?post_id=6330
  18. New appointments for other permanent secretaries, The Straits Times, August 13, 2010
  19. New Navy Chief Takes Over, The Straits Times, March 30, 2011
  20. http://app.sgdi.gov.sg/listing.asp?agency_subtype=dept&agency_id=0000000148

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Eddie Teo was also concurrent Director of ISD from 1982 to 1986.

Other Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. In line with longstanding policy, the Singapore Government does not officially announce the names of new SID Directors

Template:External national intelligence agencies

Template:Singapore-org-stub

zh:‎新加坡安全暨情報局

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