1 April 1937 |
Cape Town, South Africa
February 9, 2005 (aged 67) |
|Charge(s)||murder, espionage, use of forged documents|
|Penalty||5.5 years in prison|
|Conviction status||Released and deported from Norway in 1975|
Born near Cape Town in 1937, she was the daughter of a Jewish father. Although her mother was not Jewish, Rafael immigrated to Israel in 1963, where she lived on a kibbutz, later working as a teacher. She later moved to Tel Aviv, where she was recruited by Mossad. After training she attained the highest rank for a Mossad agent — “combattant”, qualified to operate in hostile countries. She was sent to Paris in the guise of a freelance journalist with a Canadian passport in the name of real life Canadian photojournalist Patricia Roxburgh. When the Israeli government decided to track down the Munich terrorists she provided valuable intelligence which led to the killing of three, before being assigned to an Operation Wrath of God team herself.
Rafael was part of a group of Israeli Mossad agents who assassinated a Moroccan-born waiter Ahmed Bouchiki, whom they had mistaken for Ali Hassan Salameh, in Lillehammer on 21 July 1973. The victim's pregnant Norwegian wife witnessed the murder. The murder is known as the Lillehammer affair. She was arrested shortly after and convicted of murder, espionage and use of forged documents by Eidsivating Court of Appeal on 1 February 1974. Sentenced to five and a half years in prison, she was released after serving 15 months, and deported from Norway in May 1975.
After her release, she married her defense attorney, Annæus Schjødt, but was deported again after entering the country in 1977. Two years later she obtained a residence permit, but left the country with her husband in 1992 and settled in her native South Africa, where she died in 2005, aged 67, from leukaemia.