|This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Umberto Valenti (August 14, 1891 - August 11, 1922) was a Sicilian-born New York City gangster and prominent member of the D'Aquila crime family during the 1910s. He is frequently confused with Rocco Valenti, a Camorra gunman of the same era.
Career[edit | edit source]
Valenti was born in Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Sicily and immigrated to America in 1910. After settling in the Lower East Side of New York, he joined the Mafia family led by capo di tutti capi Salvatore D'Aquila and became known as his chief assassin. Valenti was believed to have shot and killed one of D'Aquila's main rivals, Fortunato Lomonte, dead in East Harlem on May 23, 1914. By the beginning of Prohibition, Valenti was considered one of the best gunmen in New York; he was suspected in at least twenty murders. During this period, Umberto Valenti had run afoul of his boss, Salvatore D'Aquila, and was one of nine men marked for death. Valenti fled to Sicily for a time. Upon his return to America in January 1922, Valenti attempted to make amends with D'Aquila by eliminating his chief rival, Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria.
Valenti vs. Masseria[edit | edit source]
On May 7, 1922, a key Masseria ally, Vincent Terranova was killed in a drive-by shooting near his E. 116th Street home. Valenti was believed to have been responsible. Mere hours later, Silva Tagliagamba was fatally wounded in Lower Manhattan either by Valenti or gunmen working for him. The next day, Valenti and some of his men attacked Joe Masseria and his bodyguards on Grand Street "within a block of Police Headquarters". The New York Herald reported that "When the fight was ended, the gunmen had shot four men and two women, but had not harmed each other." Masseria tossed his pistol away and was arrested while fleeing the scene.
On August 9, 1922, Masseria walked out of his apartment at 80 2nd Avenue, and was rushed by two men who drew fire on him. Masseria ducked into a store at 82 2nd Avenue with the gunmen in pursuit. They shot out the front window and shot up the inside of the store, but then ran out of bullets. The gunmen fled across 2nd Avenue to a getaway car idling just around the corner on E. 5th Street. The car was a Hudson Cruiser, which like many cars of the era had running boards along the sides. The gunmen jumped on the running boards and the car sped west on E. 5th Street towards the Bowery, guns blazing.
A Ladies Garment Industry Union meeting had just ended, and dozens of laborers were milling in the street. When they heard the shots and saw the speeding Cruiser coming down the street, they tried to stop them. The gunmen then plowed through the crowd and shot randomly at the blockade, hitting six and killing two (plus a horse).
Masseria survived the point-blank hit attempt unscathed and was found by police in his upstairs bedroom shell-shocked. He was sitting up in his bed dazed, his ears were ringing from the proximity of the weapon fire, and there were two bullet holes through his straw hat, which he was still wearing on his head.
This incident gained Masseria new respect among superstitious Italian gangsters as "the man who can dodge bullets".
Murder[edit | edit source]
Forty-eight hours later, on August 11, Umberto Valenti attended a meeting in a cafe at the corner of Second Avenue and E. 12th Street. Accounts differ as to who was there. Masseria's key ally Giuseppe Morello is often said to have been present. Apparently realizing his life was in danger, Valenti burst outside as the bullets began flying. An eight-year old girl standing nearby was wounded. Valenti managed to make it on the running board of a passing taxi before collapsing mortally wounded. The Herald stated, "Valenti, said to be strong in his hatred of Masseria, was killed coldly and with as little compunction as one would swat a fly." Gangland lore had long held that his killer was none other than Charles "Lucky" Luciano.
References[edit | edit source]
- <David Critchley, The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia, 1891-1931, New York: Routledge, 2008. ISBN 0-415-99030-0 pgs. 100, 155-57
- Critchley, pgs. 155-56
- "GUNMEN SHOOT SIX IN EAST SIDE SWARM; Foiled in Attempted Murder, They Pour Volley Into Crowd of Cloakmakers. FLEE IN BLUE TOURING CAR Intended Victim's Hat Pierced by Two Bullets--Police Net Gets Blackjack Crew.". New York Times. August 9, 1922. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A06E1DC1339EF3ABC4153DFBE668389639EDE. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- Critchley, pg. 156
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- David Critchley, The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia, 1891-1931, New York: Routledge, 2008. ISBN 0-415-99030-0. Updated in "The Informer" January 2012.