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Uzi Arad, 2011

Uzi Arad (Template:Lang-he) is an Israeli Strategist and a well-known figure in foreign policy, security and strategic circles in Israel and abroad. He is a Professor at The Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at The Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya. In July 2011 Arad re-joined the faculty of the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (IDC). Between 2009 and 2011 Arad served as the National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of Israel, and the Chairman of the Israeli National Security Council, positions from which he resigned in March 2011, following his accusation of leaking secret information to the media. He was later acquitted of all such charges.[1]

At IDC between 1999 and 2009 Arad was the Founding Director of the Institute for Policy and Strategy and Professor at its Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy. At the Institute, he has established and chaired the annual Herzliya Conference, Israel's principal international policy conference, convening Israeli and international leaders, policy-makers and most senior experts in the field of national security, broadly defined.[2]

Arad was Foreign Policy Advisor to Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu (1997–1999) on secondment from the Mossad, in which he served for more than two decades, culminating in his tenure as Director of Research (Intelligence). Arad has been serving as Advisor to the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. He was also the Founding Chair of The Atlantic Forum of Israel.[3]

Arad has been a critic of the US invasion of Iraq and former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, arguing that the energy spent there should have been shifted towards dealing with the Iranian nuclear crisis.[4] Arad was temporarily banned from entering the United States [5] Because of alleged contact with Larry Franklin, an American indicted on espionage charges. Arad's Visa was reinstated as the Franklin case fizzled out to a sentence of community service for Franklin and dismissed charges for other defendants.[6][7]

Following his NSC term, Arad was expected to be the new Israeli ambassador to London, but instead he returned to the Academia.

History[edit | edit source]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Arad was born in Tiberias in 1947. In 1955 he followed his family to France, where they spent two years, and he travelled with his family to Mexico in 1963. While in Mexico, he studied Economics and Anthropology at the University of the Americas. Three years later, he returned to Israel to carry out his military service with the Israel Air Force.

Education[edit | edit source]

In 1971, Arad earned a bachelor degree in History and International Relations from Tel Aviv University. He was Subsequently awarded a Fulbright Fellowship for advanced studies at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, where he earned an M.A. degree (1973) in Public Administration and International Relations and a Ph.D. degree (1975) in International Relations. His Ph.D. dissertation "World Energy Interdependence and the Security of Supply" was supervised by Professors Richard Ullman and Edward Morse.

Professional career[edit | edit source]

Arad became a Professional Staff Member with the Hudson Institute in 1972, working under its legendary directors, Herman Kahn and Donald Brennan. At Hudson, he carried out policy work on nuclear strategy, arms control, energy and security.

Arad returned to Israel in 1975 and was offered senior positions with the Mossad and with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He chose to join the Mossad, where he spent most of his professional career. He served in two divisions, one of which was the Research (Intelligence) Division, which he eventually headed (at the rank equivalent to Major General). At the Mossad, he also dealt with foreign liaison and his assignments also included posts abroad, acquiring the reputation, in the words of Andrew Marshall, the Director of the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment, "a top global defence strategist".

Intending to retire from Mossad in 1997, Arad was elected in 1996 as Director of the Jaffe Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University, now the Institute for National Security Studies[2]. However, at the request of Prime Minister Netanyahu, Arad remained in government to serve as the Prime Minister's Foreign Policy Advisor, a position he held through 1999.

Concurrently with his ongoing academic activities, Arad has been advising the Knesset's Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. He has also been active in advancing Israel's relations with Euro-Atlantic community. In 2000, Arad founded the EU-Israel Forum, in cooperation with the Council of the European Union, and led it through 2003. In 2004, he established the Atlantic Forum of Israel. Working closely with NATO, the Atlantic Forum of Israel seeks to promote and enhance Israel's relations and standing with the Atlantic Alliance and has played an important role in advancing this relationship.

File:Arad uzi.JPG

Arad (second from right) in September 2009, seated next to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

In April 2009, Arad was appointed National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, and Chairman of the Israeli National Security Council.[8]

After a prolonged investigation into a leak at the Prime Minister's Office, Arad admitted to have been the source of the leaked information. Consequently, he "resigned" his positions in February 2011.

While in government Arad fought for the NSC to be heard and upgraded, knowing it would be an uphill battle His functional and geographical proximity to the Prime Minister, his personal relationship with Netanyahu, and his presence in real-time decision-making situations gave the new NSC a real role. Arad routinized NSC-to-NSC contacts with the U.S, Germany, Britain, France,Canada etc., and played a key role in fostering U.S.-Israel relations.

Academic career[edit | edit source]

In 1977, Arad took a sabbatical leave and carried out post-doctoral research at the Center for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University. Arad's co-authored volume, "Sharing Global Resources", commissioned by the New York Council on Foreign Relations (with his wife, Ruth Arad and others), was published in 1979.

After retiring from government in 1999, Arad lectured at Haifa University and in 2000 he joined the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (IDC Herzliya), which became his academic home. At IDC, he established the Institute for Policy and Strategy and founded the Annual Herzliya Conference Series on the Balance of Israel's National Security. Modeled after prestigious international policy conferences and gatherings such as the World Economic Forum (Davos), the Munich Conference on Security Policy (Verkunde), the Trilateral Commission meetings, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) conferences, the Herzliya Conference soon became the principal policy event in Israel.

In 2005, the Israeli Council on Higher Education conferred upon Arad the academic rank of Professor in recognition of his expertise and international reputation. In the course of his work at IDC Herzliya, Arad conceived of a path-breaking international policy project exploring the applications of risk management to national and international security policy. Involving a global group of scholars and coordinated at Yale University and the Eurasia Group, the project culminated in the book "Managing Strategic Surprise: Lessons from Risk Management and Risk Assessment" recently published by Cambridge University Press. Arad contributed a chapter on intelligence and surprise attack, in which he applied analytical tools of risk management to the integrative administration of national intelligence systems. The edited volume garnered academic and professional acclaim and has been portrayed as a "superb collection of our best thought leaders."

Personal[edit | edit source]

Uzi Arad is married to Ruth Arad and father of Dr. Dorit Ben-Ami and Dr. Orna Arad. The Arads live in Afeka, a northern neighborhood of Tel Aviv.

Selected publications[edit | edit source]

  • Energy and Security Implications for American Policy Final Report. Hudson Institute. 1974.  (coauthor)
  • 1973-1974 Oil Embargo: Lessons and Future Impact. Hudson Institute. 1974. 
  • The 1973-1974 Arab Oil Embargo: Facts, Figures and Analysis. Hudson Institute. 1974. 
  • The Middle-East: Politics and oil. Hudson Institute. 1974. 
  • American Security and the International Energy Situation. Hudson Institute. 1975.  (coauthor)
  • World Energy Interdependence and the Security of Supply. Princeton University. 1975. 
  • Commentaries, In J.D. Anthony (ed.) The Middle East Oil, Politics and Development. The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 1975. 
  • Is the Atlantic Alliance Soluble in Oil?, In J.S. Szyliowicz, and B.E. O’Neill (eds.) The Energy Crisis and U.S. Foreign Policy. Praeger, New York. 1975. 
  • "Developing the Relevance Potentialities of National Security and Foreign Policy Research: Some Proposed Criteria". KPolicy Sciences, Vol. 6. 1975. (with W. Bacchus, E. Gonzalez, and H. Starr)
  • The Short-Term Effectiveness of the Arab Oil Embargo. Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University. 1978. 
  • Israeli-Saudi Relations: The Present Approach and Proposed Changes. Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University. 1979. 
  • Sharing Global Resources. McGraw Hill for the Council on Foreign Relations, New York. 1979.  (with R. McCullock, R.W. Arad, J. Pinera, and A.L. Hollick)
  • "Strengthening Weak Links in the Intelligence Process in Israel (Hebrew).". Ma’arachot, No. 270-271. 1979. 
  • The Short-Term Effectiveness of an Arab Oil Embargo, In H. Shaked and I. Rabinovitch (eds.) The Middle East and the United States Perceptions and Policies. Transaction Books, New Brunswick, NJ. 1980. 
  • Strategic Problems – The Issue of Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East, In A. Arian (ed.) Israel: A Developing Society. Van Gorcum, Asser, Netherlands. 1980. 
  • The Balance of Israel’s National Security (Hebrew). Yediot Ahronot Publishing House, Tel Aviv. 2001. 
  • NGO’s that Educate about Judaism as Culture in the Secular Sphere, In: U. Arad and M. Joffe (eds.) Judaism as Culture: A decade Since the Israel Government’s Shenhar Commission Report. Posen Foundation, . Lucerne, Switzerland. 2003.  (With Meir Joffe)
  • Interim Arrangements and Conflict Management, In M. A. Heller and R. Hollis (eds.) Israel and the Palestinians: Israeli Policy Options. Chatham House, London. 2005. 
  • Intelligence Management as Risk Management, In P. Bracken and I. Bremmer (eds.) Avoiding Strategic Surprise: Lessons from Risk Management and Risk Assessment. Eurasia Group, New York. 2005. 
  • "Trading Land for Peace: Swap Meet – Territorial Exchanges and the Two-States Solution for the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict". The New Republic. November 2005. 
  • Anchoring Israel to the Euro-Atlantic Community: Further Upgrading and Institutionalizing NATO-Israel Relations, In Ronald D. Asmus (ed.) NATO and Global Partners: Views from the Outside – Riga Papers. German Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington DC. 2006.  (with Oded Eran and Tommy Steiner)
  • "Disengaged". Azure. Winter 2006.  (Book review)
  • "Israeli Refuge from Patriotism (Hebrew)". Kivunim Ha-Dashim, Vol. 14. June 2006. 
  • Patriotism and Israel's National Security : Herzliya Patriotism Survey 2006. Institute for Policy and Strategy. 2006. 
  • Intelligence Management as Risk Management: The Case of Strategic Surprise, In P. Bracken, I. Bremmer, and D. Gordon (eds.) Avoiding Strategic Surprise: Lessons from Risk Management and Risk Assessment. Cambridge University Press. 2008. 

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Y-net News Website, May 17, 2011 [1]
  2. "Prestigious Herzliya Conference Underway". IsraelNationalNews.com. 2006-01-22. http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/97084. 
  3. [citation needed]
  4. Katz, Yaakov. "Stuck in Iraq, can the US now take Iran?", The Jerusalem Post.
  5. Verter, Yossi (2009-03-05). "Why did Netanyahu kick Israel's U.S. envoy out of meeting with Clinton?". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1068830.html. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  6. Ravid, Barak (2009-03-31). "Obama administration: Netanyahu aide will get his visa". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1075092.html. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  7. Markon, Jerry (2009-06-12). "Sentence Reduced In Pentagon Case". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/11/AR2009061104280.html. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  8. Stern, Yoav (2009-04-05). "First cabinet meet of new government reaps 13 decisions". The Jerusalem Post. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1076681.html. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 

External links[edit | edit source]

fa:عوزی آراد he:עוזי ארד ro:Uzi Arad

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