Vasiliy Arsentevich Barabanov (Russian: Василий Арсентьевич Барабанов) (April 21, 1900 in village Altufyevo, Moscow guberniya, now part of Moscow - 1964 in Moscow) was a Soviet OGPU, NKVD and MVD officer. He served as a commander of several large prisoner camps set up to build railways and canals in northern parts of Russia. Unlike many of his peers he avoided harsh treatment of the inmates.
Vasiliy Arsentevich Barabanov was born into a family of a wealthy peasant. After the revolution he became Komsomol activist, since June 1919 led the culture and propaganda center in Altufyevo, in August 1920 served in the Red Army. During December 1920 - 1924 studied at the Military Academy in Petrograd. In 1922 joined the Communist Party. After short service in the Army Barabanov was ordered to join OGPU (secret service) and through several position climbed into a high level post in the Moscow military district. In 1933 he moved into senior position in GULAG (labour camp) administration, in April 1933 became deputy commander of Dmitlag, a camp set up in city Dmitrov in 1932 to dig the Moscow-Volga Canal.
In April 1935 Barabanov was dismissed, expelled from the party ("for drinking and hiding he was son of a kulak") and spent six months in solitary confinement while being investigated. Eventually he was released and exiled to the North with his family. Here he headed labour camps, railway and military projects in Ukhta, Vorkuta, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Saratov and Pechora. In 1941 he was allowed to join the Party again, in 1944 promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, in 1946 to Colonel. After the war he was named into several top positions in the labour camps administration. For archievements during construction of the Volga-Don Canal Barabanov was in 1952 awarded title Hero of Socialist Labor, decorated by the Order of Lenin and the "Hammer and Sickle" gold medal and got further promoted. In June 1956 he retired, settled in Moscow and wrote for the Izvestia newspaper.
According to numerous testimonies of former prisoners and employees of MVD alike Barabanov differed sharply from the majority of the camp commanders. Unlike them he was trying to improve living conditions of the inmates and motivated them to boost their work performance. Number of former prisoners did attend his funeral.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Some sources (for example Vladimir Filippovich Nekrasov: МВД России : энциклопедия, 2002, ISBN 5-224-03722-0, page 41, Google Books page) state 1960 as the year of his death.
- Antonín Jaroslav Liehm, Mira Liehm: The most important art: Eastern European film after 1945, University of California Press, 1981, ISBN 0-520-04128-3, page 65.
[edit | edit source]
- Biography from the WarHeroes.ru (in Russian)
- Barabanov as a camp commander: Russian and English texts.
- "Штрихи к портрету В.А. Барабанова" /Н. НЕМЧЕНКО Игарка, 1999 г.