William C. Gaines is an American journalist and professor of journalism. Gaines was a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter for the Chicago Tribune. He retired from the paper in 2001 and taught in the Department of Journalism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign until his retirement and designation as an emeritus faculty member in 2007.
Early life and career[edit | edit source]
Gaines earned a bachelor's degree in broadcasting at Butler University in 1956. He served two years in the United States Army working for Armed Forces Radio in Germany. In 1963, he became a reporter for the Chicago Tribune, and then became an investigative reporter in 1974. From 1975 to 1999, Gaines taught an investigative reporting course each semester at Columbia College in Chicago. He was named to the Knight Chair in Journalism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2001, a post he held until he retired in 2007.
Pulitzer Prize[edit | edit source]
Gaines' first Pulitzer Prize came in 1976 as a member of an investigative team at the Tribune looking into unsafe medical practices at some Chicago hospitals.
Gaines was nominated in 1979 for a series about the problems of the elderly. Gaines and David Jackson were nominated in 1996 for stories that probed questionable business dealings of the Nation of Islam.
Watergate informant "uncovered"[edit | edit source]
Gaines led a study with several of his students in 2003 to determine the identity of Watergate informant Deep Throat. Soon after the study, he set up a website, labeled presumptuous and arrogant by some, about the way in which he "uncovered" one of the great enduring mysteries of modern U.S. Politics.
He came to the conclusion that Fred F. Fielding, a former senior partner at Wiley Rein LLP (then Wiley Rein & Fielding), a Washington, D.C. law firm, was Deep Throat. At the time of the Watergate scandal, Fielding was Associate Counsel for President Richard Nixon from 1970 to 1972, where he was the deputy to John Dean during the Watergate scandal.
On his website, boldly titled Deep Throat Uncovered, Gaines has written of a confrontation with John Dean about the identity of Deep Throat:
- He declined to respond to Smithsonian Magazine. John Dean has been steadfast in arguing Fielding would not have lied to him about being a source for the Post, and Dean bet Professor Gaines $100 that Gaines was wrong. Gaines took the bet.
In an article at the journalism website PoynterOnline, Carl Bernstein has said Gaines' attempt to out Deep Throat was not appropriate: "The last thing students in a journalism class should be doing is trying to find out who other reporters' sources are. They should be learning how to protect sources," and that Gaines "should be spanked."
Publications[edit | edit source]
Gaines has written several books:
- Reich, Howard and William Gaines (2004). Jelly's Blues: The Life, Music, and Redemption of Jelly Roll Morton. Da Capo Press ISBN 0-306-81350-5
- Gaines, William (1998). Investigative Reporting for Print and Broadcast Wadsworth Publishing. ISBN 0-8304-1469-X
References[edit | edit source]
- William Gaines profile
- Chamberlain, Craig (July 11, 2001). Pulitzer Prize-winner Bill Gaines named to Knight Chair in Journalism. U of Illinois News Bureau
- Deep Throat Uncovered archive
- Bebow, John (March 2002). Digging Deep for Deep Throat. American journalism Review
- Chamberlain, Craig (April 22, 2003). Journalism professor, students identify 'Deep Throat'. U of Illinois News Bureau
- Chamberlain, Craig (May 1, 2003). ‘Deep Throat’ unmasked: UI journalism professor, students identify key Watergate source. U of Illinois News Bureau
- Miner, Michael (June 10, 2005). Deception in the Name of Truth. Chicago Reader